Limited network resources make bandwidth prioritization necessary. To ensure that important, business-critical applications are given enough bandwidth, the Barracuda NextGen Firewall X-Series provides traffic shaping (also known as "packet shaping" and "Quality of Service") methods to let you prioritize network resources according to factors such as the time of day, application type, and user identity. You can identify the traffic and assign its priority using firewall rules.
Watch the video below for a short demo on how to configure bandwidth policies and QoS.
There are eight different bandwidth policies. They are listed in the following table, in order of decreasing priority:
|VoIP||Highest priority before all other bandwidth policies. Traffic is sent with no delay.|
|Business||Very high priority.|
|Internet||Medium priority. If more than 10 MB of data is transferred in one session, the priority of the traffic in that session drops to the same as Background.|
|Background||Next lower priority.|
|Low||Low priority. Low and Lowest Priority are limited to 5% of the available bandwidth.|
|Lowest Priority||Lowest priority. Low and Lowest Priority are limited to 5% of the available bandwidth.|
Applications assigned this are unusable, but will not seek another way to send traffic. For example, if you wish to block Skype traffic, assign this policy to the Skype application.
Queues and Rate Limits
The following diagram shows how the eight bandwidth policies are divided into queues:
- The Priority Queues always take precedence.
- The Regular Queues can use unlimited bandwidth.
- The Rate Limiting Queues are collectively limited to 5% of the maximum link bandwidth.
The rate limits always apply, so even if there is no other traffic, the traffic in the Rate Limiting Queues never uses more than 5% of the bandwidth.
The classes within the Regular and Rate Limiting queues are weighted relative to the other classes in the same queue. Class weights are enforced only when the link is saturated.
Customize the Class Weights and Rate Limits
On the FIREWALL > QoS page, you can set the weight ratios for the classes within the same queue and modify some of the rate limits.
Assign a Bandwidth Policy to a Firewall Rule
Before you begin, verify that you specified a bandwidth for each interface you want to enable QoS on:
- Go to NETWORK > IP Configuration.
- In the Network Interface Configuration section, select the interface and click the No/Yes link in the Use QoS column.
- Enter the bandwidth assigned by your ISP for outbound and inbound connections.
To assign a bandwidth policy to an access rule:
- Go to FIREWALL > Firewall Rules and edit the rule.
- Select the bandwidth policy from the Adjust Bandwidth drop-down menu.
Monitor Bandwidth Policy Assignment
To monitor which bandwidth policy is assigned to active network sessions, go to the BASIC > Active Connections page. The assigned policy of a network session is displayed in the Bandwidth Policy column. You can also manually override the assigned bandwidth policy by using the drop-down menu in the Bandwidth Policy column.