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Barracuda CloudGen Firewall

This Firmware Version Is End-Of-Support

Documentation for this product is no longer updated. Please see End-of-Support for CloudGen Firewall Firmware for further information on our EoS policy.

How to Configure a Transparent Redirect

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To transparently forward connections to a proxy behind a NextGen Firewall F-Series in the DMZ, you can configure the Dst NAT access rule to not rewrite the source and destination addresses of the connection. This configuration allows the proxy to apply all policies as if it were directly connected to the client. It also allows the proxy to create meaningful statistics and connection information.

The proxy as described here may be a Barracuda Web Security Gateway. Transparent Redirect for the Barracuda Security Gateway is limited to HTTP.

transparent_redirect_rules.png

In this article

Before your Begin

  • Verify that the Forwarding Firewall service is using Feature Level 6.1 or above.
  • The F-Series Firewall and the Proxy must be directly connected to the same subnet (within the same ARP domain).

Step 1. Create a Transparent Redirect DNAT Access Rule

Create the DNAT access rule to forward all traffic to the proxy.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual servers > Firewall > Forwarding Rules.
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Create an access rule to forward selected traffic coming from your clients to the proxy: 
    • Action – Select Dst NAT.
    • Source – Select Trusted Networks. Alternatively enter the network the client using the HTTP Proxy is in.
    • Destination – Select Internet.

    • Service – Select the service you want to forward. E.g. HTTP+S.

    • Target List – Enter the IP address without a port. You can use multiple Proxies. E.g.. 172.16.0.10

      Do not use network objects containing host names (DNS objects). The firewall does not redirect traffic to a hostname or FQDN. 

    • Fallback/Cycle – If you have defined multiple target IP addresses, select how the firewall distributes the traffic between the IP addresses.
      • Fallback – The connection is redirected to the first available IP address in the list.
      • Cycle – New incoming TCP connections are distributed evenly over the available IP addresses in the list on a per source IP address basis. The same redirection target is used for all subsequent connections of the source IP address. UDP connections are redirected to the first IP address and not cycled.
    • List of Critical Ports – Enter a space-delimited list of ports used.

    • Connection Method – Select No SNAT.

    • Application Policy – Disable Application Control.

    transparent_redirect_00.png
  4. In the left menu, click Advanced.
  5. In the Miscellaneous section set Transparent Redirect to Enable

    transparent_redirect_01.png
  6. Click OK.
  7. Drag and drop the access rule so that it is the first rule that matches the traffic that you want it to forward. Ensure that the rule is located above the BLOCKALL rule; rules located below the BLOCKALL rule are never executed.

    Make sure to place the rule above all other HTTP/HTTPS rules that match this source and destination.

  8. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 2. Create a PASS Access Rule for the Proxy to Access the Internet

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual servers > Firewall > Forwarding Rules.
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Create a PASS rule to allow the HTTP proxy to access the Internet:
    • Action – Select Pass
    • Source – Enter the IP address of the HTTP Proxy.
    • Destination – Select Internet.
    • Service – Select HTTP+S.

    • Connection Method – Select Dynamic SNAT.
    • Application Policy – Disable Application Control.

    transparent_redirect_02.png

  4. In the left menu, click Advanced.
  5. In the Dynamic Interface Handling section set Source Interface to Any.
  6. Click OK.
  7. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 3. Create a PASS Access Rule for the HTTP Proxy to Access the Client

To allow the HTTP proxy to access the client, you must create a PASS rule:

  • Action – Select Pass
  • Source – Enter the IP address of the HTTP Proxy.
  • Destination – Select Trusted Networks
  • Service – Select HTTP+S.

  • Connection Method – Select No SNAT.
  • Application Policy – Disable Application Control.

transparent_redirect_03.png

Step 4. Configure the Proxy

In order to successfully send the connection from the proxy to the Internet you must configure the device to:

  • Route to the Internet using the F-Series Firewall as the gateway.
  • Route to the internal client network using the  F-Series Firewall as the gateway.
  • Traffic must use the IP address of the proxy as the source IP for outgoing connections.
  • The proxy must accept the HTTP and HTTPS connections on the same port as the firewall.
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