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Barracuda CloudGen Firewall

Example - Client-to-Site IKEv2 IPsec VPN with Username/Password Authentication

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Use an IPsec IKEv2 client-to-site VPN to let mobile workers connect securely to your Barracuda CloudGen Firewall with a standard compliant IKEv2 VPN client.

Client2SiteIPsecVPN.png

Supported VPN Clients

Although any standard-compliant IPsec IKEv2 client should be able to connect via IPsec, Barracuda Networks recommends using the following clients:

  • Windows 8.1/Windows 10 native IKEv2 IPsec VPN client
  • Windows 10 Mobile 10.0.14393 or newer

Android requires a third-party IKEv2 client software; iOS devices are currently not supported.

Before You Begin

Step 1. Prepare VPN Certificates

  1. Get the corresponding root certificate (or create a new one) that should be used to issue a VPN server certificate.

    The root certificate must be considered as trusted on the client device (e.g., by importing it into the Trusted Root Certification Authorities Certificate Store on Windows).

  2. Create a new VPN server certificate by using the CA from above with the following requirements:
    • Hostname of the VPN server that is entered on the client must be contained in the subjectAltName field of the certificate.
    • Required Key Usage fields:
      • Non-Repudiation, Digital Signature, Key Encipherment
    • Required EKU fields:
      • IP Security IKE Intermediate (OID 1.3.6.1.5.5.8.2.2)
      • Server Authentication (OID 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.1)

You should now have a root certificate in CER or PEM format and a VPN certificate in PKCS12, CRT, or PEM format.

Step 2. Add Certificates to VPN Settings

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > VPN Settings .

  2. Click Lock.   
  3. Click the Root Certificates tab.
  4.  Right-click the table and click Import CER from File or Import PEM from File, depending on the format of your root certificate.
    C2S_IKEv2_01.png
  5. Select and upload the root certificate created in Step 1.
  6. Click the Sever Certificates tab.
  7. Right-click the table and click the Import Certificate menu item matching your VPN server certificate. 
    C2S_IKEv2_02.png
  8. Select and upload the VPN certificate created in Step 1. 
  9. Click the Service Certificates/Keys tab. 
  10. Right-click the table and select New Key.
  11. Enter a Key Name.
  12. Select the Key Length.
    C2S_IKEv2_02a.png
  13. Click OK.
  14. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 3. Create the VPN Client Network

All VPN clients will receive an IP address from the VPN client network with a static gateway. You can choose the gateway IP address freely from the subnet.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > VPN Settings .
  2. Click Lock
  3. Click the Client Networks tab.
  4. Right-click the table and select New Client Network. The Client Network window opens.
  5. In the Client Network window, configure the following settings:
    • Advertise Route – Select check box to include the VPN network in the OSPF or BGP network.
    • Name – Enter a descriptive name for the network. 

    • Network Address – Enter the base network address for the VPN clients.

    • Network Mask – Enter the subnet mask for the VPN client network.

    • Gateway – Enter the gateway network address.

    • Type – Select routed (Static Route). VPN clients are assigned an address via DHCP (fixed or dynamic) in a separate network reserved for the VPN. A static route on the firewall leads to the local network.

  6. Click OK.
  7. Click Send Changes and then click Activate.

Step 4. Configure IKEv2 Phase 1 and 2

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > Client to Site .
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Click the External CA tab.
  4. Clear the Hide Advanced Configuration check box.
    C2S_IKEv2_02b.png
  5. Click the IPsec sub-tab.
    C2S_IKEv2_03.png
  6. In the IKEv2 Phase 1 (default) section, double-click on the Phase 1 encryption settings. The Change IPsec Phase 1 window opens.
  7. Configure the IPsec Phase I encryption settings:
    • Encryption – Select AES256.
    • Hash Meth – Select SHA.
    • DH-Group – Select Group 2.
  8. (optional) Set the IPsec Phase 1 Lifetime settings:
    • Time – Enter 3600
    • Minimum – Enter 1200
    • Maximum – Enter 4800
  9. Click OK. 
    C2S_IKEv2_04.png
  10. Right-click in the IKEv2 Phase 2 table and select New IKEv2 Phase II. The IPsec IKEv2 Phase II windows opens.
  11. Enter a Name.
  12. Configure the IPsec phase 2 encryption settings:
    • Encryption – Select AES256.
    • Hash Meth – Select SHA.
    • DH-Group – Select Group 2.
  13. (optional) Set the IPsec Phase 2 Lifetime settings:
    • Time – Enter 3600
    • Minimum – Enter 1200
    • Maximum – Enter 4800
  14. Click OK.
    C2S_IKEv2_05.png
  15. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 5.  Configure VPN Common Settings

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > Client to Site .
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Click the External CA tab.
  4. Click the Common sub-tab.
  5. Right-click the table and select New Common. The Common Settings window opens.
  6. Enter a Name.
  7. (optional) Enter a Statistic Name. For more information, see Statistics.
  8. From the Assigned Network drop-down list, select the VPN network created in Step 3.
  9. (optional) Enter the DNS server IP address.
  10. (optional) Enter the WINS server IP address.
  11. Enter the Network Routes that should be sent through the VPN tunnel and click Add. To send all traffic through the VPN tunnel, enter 0.0.0.0/0.
  12. (optional) To limit the source from which VPN connections are accepted, add the IP addresses or subnets to the Access Control List (ACL).
    C2S_IKEv2_06.png
  13. Click OK.
  14. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 6. Configure a VPN Group Policy

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > Client to Site .
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Click the External CA tab.
  4. Click the Policy sub-tab.
  5. Right-click in the table and select New Policy. The Group VPN Policy window opens.
  6. Enter a Name.
  7. In the Common tab, select the VPN common settings you created in Step 5 from the Link to drop-down list.
    C2S_IKEv2_07.png
  8. Click the IPsecIKEv2 tab. 
  9. Select the IPsec IKEv2 Phase 2 settings from the Link to drop-down list.
    C2S_IKEv2_08.png
  10. Click OK.
  11. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 7. Configure VPN Rules

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > Client to Site .
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Click the External CA tab.
  4. Click the Rules sub-tab.
  5. Right-click in the table and select New Rule. The Group Policy Condition window opens.
  6. From the Assigned VPN Group list, select the group VPN policy created in Step 6.
  7. (external authentication only) Enter a Group Pattern to define the groups that will be assigned the policy. E.g.: CN=vpnusers*
  8. In the Peer Condition section, verify that the IPsec Client check box is selected.

  9. (optional) In the X509 Certificate Conditions section, enter matching conditions for the X.509 client certificates.
    C2S_IKEv2_09.png
  10. Click OK.
  11. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 8. Configure Group VPN Settings

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > Client to Site .
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Click the External CA tab.
  4. Click the Click here for options link.
    C2S_IKEv2_11.png
  5. From the Authentication Scheme drop-down list, select Default Authentication Scheme.
  6. From the Default Authentication Scheme drop-down list, select msad or radius.
  7. From the Server drop-down list, select the VPN server certificate uploaded in Step 2.
  8. From the Server Protocol Key drop-down list, select the service certificate created in Step 2.
  9. From the Used Root Certificates drop-down list, select the root certificate uploaded in Step 2.
  10. Click OK.
  11. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 9. Add Access Rules

Add an access rule to connect your client-to-site VPN to your network.

For more information, see How to Configure an Access Rule for a Client-to-Site VPN.

Monitoring VPN Connections

On the VPN > Client-to-Site page, you can monitor VPN connections. The page lists all available client-to-site VPN tunnels. In the Tunnel column, the color of the square indicates the status of the VPN:

  • Blue – The client is currently connected.
  • Green  The VPN tunnel is available, but currently not in use. 
  • Grey – The VPN tunnel is currently disabled. To enable the tunnel, right-click it and select Enable Tunnel.

For more information on the VPN > Client-to-Site page, see VPN Tab.

Troubleshooting

To troubleshoot VPN connections, see the srv_<SERVER_NAME>_<VPN_SERVICE_NAME>_IKEv2.log log file. For more information, see LOGS Tab.

Next Step

Configure the remote access clients to connect to the client-to-site VPN.   

For more information, see Remote Access Clients.

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