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Barracuda CloudGen Firewall

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Documentation for this product is no longer updated. Please see End-of-Support for CloudGen Firewall Firmware for further information on our EoS policy.

How to Configure an IKEv1 IPsec VPN to an AWS VPN Gateway with BGP

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If you are using the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud, you can transparently extend your local network to the cloud by connecting the private networks through a site-to-site IKEv1 IPsec VPN tunnel. The Amazon virtual private gateway uses two parallel IKEv1 IPsec tunnels to ensure constant connectivity. The subnets behind the VPN gateway are propagated via BGP.

Additional Amazon AWS charges apply. For more information, see Amazon's monthly pricing calculator at


Before You Begin

  • Create an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC).

    The local and remote (VPC) subnets must not overlap. E.g, if your local network is, do not use for your VPC.

  • Create at least one subnet in the VPC.
  • Create and configure the Amazon Routing Table.
  • The security group of the VPC must allow the desired connections. For more information, see
  • On your CloudGen Firewall, create the VPN service if it does not already exist.
  • Create the OPSF/RIP/BGP service if it does not already exist.

Step 1 - Create the Amazon VPN Gateway

Step 1.1 - Create a Virtual Private Gateway

The Amazon virtual private gateway is the VPN concentrator on the remote side of the IPsec VPN connection.

  1. Go to the Amazon VPC Management Console.
  2. In the left menu, click Virtual Private Gateways.
  3. Click Create Virtual Private Gateway.
  4. Enter the Name tag for the VPN gateway (e.g., Campus Virtual Private Gateway).
  5. Click  Create Virtual Private Gateway.
  6. Select the newly created virtual private gateway, click Actions and select Attach to VPC.
  7. Select your VPC from the VPC list, and click Yes, Attach.

The virtual private gateway is now available.


Step 1.2 - Add Your Customer Gateway Configuration

The Amazon customer gateway is your Barracuda CloudGen Firewall on your end of the VPN connection. Specify your external IP address and routing type in the customer gateway configuration:

  1. Go to the Amazon VPC Management Console.
  2. In the left menu, click Customer Gateways. 
  3. Click Create Customer Gateway.
  4. Enter the connection information for your firewall: 
    • Name – Enter a name for your device (e.g., My Barracuda CloudGen Firewall).
    • Routing – Select Dynamic.
    • BGP ASN – Enter your BGP ASN number.
    • IP Address – Enter your external IP Address. To look up your external IP address, go to CONTROL > Network
  5. Click Create Customer Gateway.

Your firewall is now registered in the AWS cloud and you can configure VPN connections.

Step 1.3 - Create a VPN Connection

Create a VPN connection with the Customer Gateway (Your CloudGen Firewall) and the Amazon Virtual Private Gateway that you just created. Then download the VPN configuration file that contains all necessary information for configuring the VPN connection on the firewall.

The Amazon VPN configuration file is different for every VPN connection.

  1. Go to the Amazon VPC Management Console.
  2. In the left menu, click Site-to-Site VPN Connections. 
  3. Click Create VPN Connection. 
  4. In the Create VPN Connection window, enter the configuration information for your VPN connection:
    • Name tag – Enter a name for your VPN connection (e.g., CGF2AWSCloud).
    • Virtual Private Gateway – Select the virtual private gateway created in Step 1.
    • Customer Gateway– Select the customer gateway created in Step 1.
    • Routing Options – Select Dynamic (requires BGP).
  5. Click Create VPN Connection
  6. Once the connection is available in AWS, click Download Configuration.
  7. Select generic vendor and platform settings for the configuration file: 
    • Vendor – Select Generic
    • Platform – Select Generic.
    • Software – Select Vendor Agnostic.
  8. Click Download, and save the vpn-<YOUR-VPC-ID>.txt file. The configuration file contains all required information to configure each VPN tunnel and the respective BGP routing options on your CloudGen Firewall.

Step 1.4 - Enable Route Propagation
  1. Go to the Amazon VPC Management Console.
  2. In the left menu, click Route Tables.
  3. Select the route table attached to your VPC used in Step 1.1.
  4. Click Route Propagation.
  5. Click Edit Route Propagation.
  6. Enable the route propagation for your virtual private gateway created in Step 1.1 by selecting the check box next to it.
  7. Click Save.

Step 2 - Configure IPsec Tunnels on the Barracuda CloudGen Firewall

For each IPsec tunnel, create a next-hop interface and then configure two IPsec site-to-site VPN tunnel. Use the IP addresses provided in the Amazon generic VPN configuration file you downloaded at the end of Step 1.

Step 2.1 - Create VPN Next-Hop Interfaces

For each IPsec tunnel, a VPN next-hop interface must be created. Use the IP addresses provided in the Amazon generic VPN configuration file you downloaded at the end of Step 1.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > VPN Settings .
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Click on Click here for Server Settings.
  4. Click on the Advanced tab. 
  5. Create a VPN next-hop interface for each IPsec tunnel by clicking Add in the VPN Next Hop Interface Configuration section.
    1. In the VPN Interface Properties window enter: 
      • VPN Interface Index – Enter a number between 0 and 99. Each interface index number must be unique. E.g., IPsec tunnel1: 10 and IPsec tunnel: 11
      • MTU   Enter 1436
      • IP Addresses  Enter the Inside IP Address of the Customer Gateway provided by Amazon. E.g., IPsec tunnel1:, IPsec tunnel 2: 
    2. Click OK.
  6. (optional) If you are using a dynamic WAN IP address, set Use IPsec dynamic IPs to Yes. This will create an IPsec VPN listener on
  7. Click OK.
  8. Click Send Changes and Activate.

You must also introduce the next-hop interface IP addresses on the CloudGen Firewall as Additional IPs in the Server Properties configuration on the Virtual Server.

Step 2.2. Configure Two Site-to-Site IPsec Tunnels

Configure two site-to-site IPsec tunnels using the VPN next-hop interfaces. Make sure to use the correct IP addresses and corresponding next-hop interfaces listed in the Amazon generic VPN configuration file for each tunnel.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > VPN-Service > Site to Site .
  2. Click on the IPSEC IKEv1 Tunnels tab.
  3. Click Lock
  4. For each IPsec tunnel, right-click and click  New IPsec IKEv1 tunnel.
    1. Enter the IPsec tunnel configurations: 
      1. Enter a Name. E.g, IPsec Tunnel 1: IPsecAWSTunnel1 and for IPsec Tunnel 2: IPsecAWSTunnel2 
      2. Enter the Phase 1 and Phase 2 settings.  The following values are supported for a tunnel to the AWS VPN gateway:

         Phase 1Phase 2
        AES 256
        AES 256
        Hash Meth.SHA
        DH-GroupGroup 2
        Group 14
        Group 15
        Group 16
        Group 17
        Group 18

        Group 2
        Group 5
        Group 14
        Group 15
        Group 16
        Group 17
        Group 18

        Perfect Forward Secrecy-Enable
      3. In the Local Networktab:
        • Local IKE  Gateway – Enter your external IP address. If you are using a dynamic WAN interface, enter
        • Network Address – Enter the Inside IP Address of the Customer Gateway (without the /30) and click Add. E.g., IPsec tunnel 1 and for IPsec tunnel 2
      4. In the Remote Networks tab: 
        • Remote IKE Gateway – Enter the Outside IP Address of the Virtual Private Gateway.
      5. In the Peer Identification tab: 
        • Shared Secret – Enter the Amazon Pre-Shared Key
      6. In the Advanced tab: 
        • DPD intervals (s) – Enter 10
        • Interface Index  Enter the VPN Next Hop Interface index number you entered in step 1.1. E.g., IPsec tunnel 1 10 and for IPsec tunnel 2 11
        • VPN Next Hop Routing – Enter the Inside IP address of the Virtual Private Gateway. E.g., IPsec tunnel 1 and for IPsec tunnel 2
        • (Optional) Phase 2 Lifetime Adjust (sec) – Enter -1300. This setting ensures that the firewall initiates rekeying.
          On CloudGen Firewall devices with firmware 7.2.4 or higher, you can leave this field blank.
      7. Click OK
        IPsecTunnel1.png IPsecTunnel2.png
  5. Click Send Changes and Activate

You now have two VPN next-hop interfaces listed in the Interfaces/IPs section on the CONTROL > Network page and the VPN tunnels on the VPN > STATUS page.



Step 3. Configure the BGP Service

Configure BGP routing to learn the subnets on the other side of the VPN tunnels. The BGP route propagated by the second (backup) IPsec tunnel is artificially elongated so traffic is routed per default over the first IP tunnel, as suggested by Amazon.

Step 3.1. Configure Routes to be Advertised via BGP

Only routes with the parameter Advertise set to yes will be propagated via BGP.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Network .
  2. Click Lock.
  3. (optional) To propagate the management network, set Advertise Route to yes.
  4. In the left menu, click Advanced Routing.
  5. Double-click on the Routes you want to propagate, and set Advertise Route to yes.
  6. Click OK
  7. Click Send Changes and Activate.
Step 3.2 - Configure the BGP Routes

Configure the BGP setting for the BGP service on the firewall.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Virtual Servers > your virtual server > Assigned Services > OSPF-RIP-BGP-Service > OSPF/RIP/BGP Settings .
  2. Select yes from the Run BGP Router list.
  3. Select advertise-learn from the Operations Mode list. 
  4. In the left menu, click BGP Router Setup.
  5. Enter your AS Number (e.g., 64555).
  6. In the Networks table, add the local network(s)(e.g., ).
  7. In the left menu, expand Configuration Mode and click Switch to Advanced Mode.
  8. Click the Set button for the Advanced Settings. The Advanced Settings window opens. 
  9. Set the Hold timer to 30 seconds.
  10. Set the Keep Alive Timer to 10 seconds.
  11. Click OK.
  12. Click Send Changes and Activate.
Step 3.3 - Add a BGP Neighbor for Each IPsec Tunnel

To dynamically learn the routing of the neighboring network, set up a BGP neighbor for each VPN next-hop interface.

  1. In the left menu of the OSPF/RIP/BGP Settings page, click Neighbor Setup IPv4.
  2. Click Lock.
  3. For each IPsec tunnel, click the plus sign (+) next to the Neighbors table to add a new neighbor.
  4. Enter a Name for the neighbor. E.g., AWS1 and AWS2
  5. In the Neighbors window, configure the following settings in the Usage and IP section:
    • Neighbor IPv4 – Enter the inside IP Address of the Virtual Private Gateway (remote address for the VPN next hop interface on the CloudGen Firewall)  E.g., IPsec Tunnel 1: and for IPsec Tunnel 2
    • OSPF Routing Protocol Usage – Select no.
    • RIP Routing Protocol Usage – Select no.
    • BGP Routing Protocol Usage – Select yes.
  6. In the BGP Parameters section, configure the following settings:
    • AS Number: Enter the ASN for the remote network: 9059
    • Update Source: Select Interface
    • Update Source Interface: Enter the vpnr interface for the IPsec tunnels. E.g., IPsec Tunnel 1: vpnr10 and for IPsec Tunnel 2 vpnr11
      BGP02.png BGP03.png
  7. Click OK
  8. Click Send Changes and Activate.
Step 3.4 - Add an Access List for the Second IPsec Tunnel
  1. In the left menu of the OSPF/RIP/BGP Settings page, click Filter Setup IPv4.
  2. In the Access List IPv4 Filters section, click +.
  3. Enter a Name for the Access List. E.g., 2ndGWIP The Access List IPv4 windows opens. 

  4. Click + to add an access list Type. The Type window opens.

  5. Select permit from the Type drop-down menu.
  6. Enter the Inside IP for the Virtual Private Gateway for IPsec Tunnel #2. E.g., to the Network Prefix field.  
  7. Click OK.
  8. Click OK.
Step 3.5 - Add a Filter Setup for the Second IPsec Tunnel

To make the route over the first IPsec tunnel the preferred route, we will lengthen the AS-Path of the second tunnel.

  1. In the left menu of the OSPF/RIP/BGP Settings page, click Filter Setup IPv4.
  2. Click Lock.

  3. In the Route Map IPv4 Filters section, click +. The Route Maps IPv4 window opens.
  4. In the BGP Specific Conditions section, click +. The Route Map Entry window opens. 
  5. In the Route Map Entry window, specify the following settings: 
    • Sequence Number  Enter a unique sequence number (e.g., 1). This sequence number must be unique across all route maps. For additional entries, iterate the sequence numbers.
    • Type  Select permit.
    • Match Condition  Select Gateway_IP
    • Gateway IP (Access List) – Select the access list entry created in Step 3.4.
    • Set Action – Select AS_Path.
    • Set addition to AS-Path – Enter Amazons ASN number 9059.
  6. Click OK.
  7. Click OK.
  8. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 4. Create an Access Rule for VPN Traffic

To allow traffic to and from the VPN networks, a pass access rule is needed. You also need to set the Clear DF bit and Force Maximum Segment Size settings according to the Amazon configuration file in the advanced firewall rule settings. You also need to set Reverse Interface (Bi-directional) to Any to allow return traffic using a different VPN tunnel than was used to initiate the connection.

  1. Create a Pass access rule:
    • Bi-Directional – Enable.
    • Source – Select the local network(s) you are propagating via BGP. 
    • Service – Select the service you want to have access to the remote network or ALL for complete access. 
    • Destination – Select the remote VPC subnet(s). 
    • Connection Method – Select Original Source IP.
  2. In the left navigation, click Advanced. 
  3. In the TCP Policy section, set Force MSS (Maximum Segment Size) to 1359.
  4. In the Miscellaneous section, set Clear DF Bit to Yes
  5. In the Dynamic Interface Handling section:
    1. Set Continue on Source Interface Mismatch to Yes.
    2. Set Reverse Interface (Bi-directional) to Any.

    3. Set Interface Checks after Session Creation to Disabled.

  6. Click OK.
  7. Move the access rule up in the rule list, so that it is the first rule to match the firewall traffic.
  8. Click Send Changes and Activate.

You now have two IPsec VPN tunnels connecting your CloudGen Firewalls to the Amazon AWS cloud. Per default, the first IPsec tunnel is chosen. It may take some time for BGP to learn the new routes, in case of a failure.

If the TCP 179 connection is established via loopback IP, check which interface is used by the VPN IP.

IPsec Tunnels are Connected (VPN > Status)


BGP Configuration (CONTROL > NETWORK > BGP)


AWS VPN Status in the Amazon AWS Management Interface

It may take some time until the tunnel is displayed as up in AWS.

  1. Go to the Amazon VPC Management Console.
  2. In the left menu, click Site-to-Site VPN Connections.
  3. Search for your connection created in Step 1.
  4. Click Tunnel Details.