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Barracuda CloudGen Firewall

How to Configure Session Balancing for VPN Tunnels with SD-WAN

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Session-based balancing for multi-transport TINA VPN tunnels is enabled per access rule in the SD-WAN settings of the custom connection object. Session balancing can use a static round robin or an adaptive weighted round robin balancing policy:

  • (Static) Session Balancing – Sessions are distributed over the configured transports by using a round-robin stye balancing policy. If used without adaptive balancing, it is recommended to use transports of similar bandwidth and latency (Round Trip Time). Static balancing is available for all transport protocols. Static session balancing can be configured to balance over multiple transports in the same SD-WAN class based on the defined SD-WAN ID range.
  • Adaptive Session Balancing – All sessions are initially balanced statically over the primary and secondary transports. Link quality metrics gathered by Dynamic Bandwidth and Latency Detection are then used to rebalance sessions with lifetimes over 5 seconds to use the optimal transport. Shorter sessions are not rebalanced. Adaptive session balancing is available only on UDP transports. It is not possible to use session balancing with all transports in a class.

Before You Begin

Create a multi-transport VPN tunnel between two CloudGen Firewalls:

Step 1. (Adaptive Session Balancing only) Enable Dynamic Bandwidth and Latency Detection for the VPN Transports

On both VPN endpoints, edit the TINA site-to-site VPN tunnel to enable Dynamic Bandwidth and Round Trip Time Detection.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Assigned Services > VPN Service > Site to Site VPN.
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Double-click the TINA VPN tunnel. The TINA Tunnel window opens.
  4. Click the SD-WAN - Bandwidth Protection tab.
  5. From the Dynamic Bandwidth Detection list, select the policy:
    • Active Probing and Passive Monitoring
    • Active Probing Only
    • No Probing - use Estimated Bandwidth
  6. Enter the Estimated Bandwidth bandwidth.
  7. (optional) Select the Consolidated Shaping check box and select the Assigned QoS Profile.
    adapt_bandw_protection_01.png
  8. Click OK.
  9. Click Send Changes and Activate.

To verify that Dynamic Bandwidth and Round Trip Time Detection is running, go to VPN > Site-to-Site. Right-click the transport and select Monitor Traffic.

TI_session_balancing_00a.png

Step 2. Create a Custom Connection Object for the SD-WAN Master

Configure session balancing with explicit transport selection. You can balance between the primary and secondary transport, or over multiple IDs of the primary transport class.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Assigned Services > Firewall > Forwarding Rules.   
  2. In the left menu, click Connections.
  3. Right-click the table and select New Connection. The Edit/Create a Connection Object window opens.  
  4. In the Name field, enter a name for the connection object.
  5. From the Translated Source IP list, select Original Source IP.
    TI_session_balacing_01.png
  6. To edit the VPN SD-WAN  settings, click Edit/Show. The SD-WAN Settings window opens.  
  7. From the SD-WAN Learning Policy drop-down list, select Master 
    TI_session_balacing_01a.png
  8. Configure the primary transport class and ID:
    • Primary Transport Class – Select the SD-WAN class of the primary transport. 
    • Primary Transport ID – Select the ID for the primary transport.
    TI_session_balacing_01b.png
  9. (Balancing between primary and secondary transports only) Configure the secondary transport class and ID: 
    • Secondary Transport Class – Select the SD-WAN class secondary transport. 
    • Secondary Transport ID – Select the ID for the secondary transport.
     TI_session_balacing_01c.png
  10. In the Simultaneous Transport Usage section, select the Session Balancing policy:
    • None – Disable session balancing.
    • between Primary and Secondary Transport – Sessions are balanced between the primary and secondary transport. Select this option for adaptive balancing.
    • (static session balancing only) from ID=0 to ID=X – Sessions are balanced between all available transports in the SD-WAN class of the primary transport with a SD-WAN ID in this range.
    TI_session_balacing_01d.png
  11. Click OK.
  12. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 3. Create a Custom Connection Object for the SD-WAN Slave

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Assigned Services > Firewall > Forwarding Rules.   
  2. In the left menu, click Connections.
  3. Right-click the table and select New Connection. The Edit/Create a Connection Object window opens.  
  4. Enter a Name.
  5. From the Translated Source IP list, select Original Source IP.
    performance_based_transport_selection_01.png
  6. To edit the VPN SD-WAN settings, click Edit/Show. The SD-WAN Settings window opens. 
  7. From the SD-WAN Learning Policy drop-down list, select Slave
    TI_session_balacing_01e.png
  8. Click OK.
  9. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 4. Modify Access Rule on the Firewall Acting as SD-WAN Master

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Assigned Services > Firewall > Forwarding Rules.
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Right-click the ruleset and select New > Rule to create an access rule to match the VPN traffic you want to balance:
    • Action –  Select Pass.
    • Bi-Directional – Select the check box to apply the rule in both directions.
    • Source – Select a network object for all local networks. 
    • Service– Select a service object from the list.
    • Destination – Select the network object containing the remote networks
    • Connection Method – Select the connection object for the SD-WAN Master created in step 2.
    TI_session_balacing_04.png
  4. Click OK.
  5. Click Send Changes and Activate.

Step 5. Modify Access Rule on the Firewall Acting as SD-WAN Slave

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Assigned Services > Firewall > Forwarding Rules.
  2. Click Lock.
  3. Right-click the ruleset and select New > Rule to create an access rule to match the VPN traffic you want to balance:  
    • Action – Select Pass.
    • Bi-Directional – Select the check box to apply the rule in both directions.
    • Source – Select a network object for all local networks. 
    • Service – Select a service object from the list.
    • Destination – Select the network object containing the remote networks
    • Connection Method – Select the connection object for the SD-WAN Slave created in step 3.
    TI_session_balacing_04a.png
  4. Click OK.
  5. Click Send Changes and Activate.
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