To adjust resources used by your firewall service, you can change the sizing parameters in the General Firewall Configuration (CONFIGURATION > Configuration Tree > Box > Infrastructure Services) section of the Barracuda CloudGen Firewall. After changing general firewall configuration settings, perform a Firmware Restart (CONTROL > Box) for the changes to take effect. Default values vary depending on the model.
Maximum Number of Connections
Max Session Slots – Set the maximum number of session slots allowed. The amount of memory consumed by the firewall is updated when this value is changed and displayed in the Firewall Memory [MB] field. (When set to the default value, the firewall service will consume about 150 MB RAM).
Max UDP [%] – (advanced) Defines the percentage of the Max Session Slots allowed to be UDP sessions.
Max Echo [%] – (advanced) Defines the percentage of the Max Session Slots allowed to be ICMP sessions.
Max Other [%] – (advanced) Defines the percentage of the Max Session Slots allowed to be an IP protocol type, except TCP, UDP, or ICMP.
Firewall Memory [MB] – Displays the estimated memory requirement according to the current firewall configuration settings. If the value exceeds 200 MB, an additional bootloader parameter may be required. On i686-based CloudGen Firewalls with more than 768 MB RAM requiring additional vmalloc space to satisfy the increased memory demand of non-default firewall settings, we recommend increasing the vmalloc area in steps of 128 MB, starting at 384 MB. For more information, see How to Configure the Bootloader.
Global Limits 1
Max DNS Entries – Defines the maximum number of DNS queries that may be triggered by the use of network objects containing hostnames. 75% of the queries are reserved for the forwarding firewall and 25% for the host firewall. Network objects used in both forwarding and host firewall rulesets will trigger two DNS queries and be counted twice.
- Max Acceptors – (advanced) Maximum number of pending accepts for inbound rules. An acceptor is a dynamic implicit rule that is generated by plugins handling dynamic connection requests. The FTP protocol, for example, uses a data connection in addition to the control connection on TCP port 21 to perform the actual file transfer. By analyzing the FTP protocol, the firewall knows when such data connections occur and creates an acceptor to allow the corresponding data transfer session.
- Max Pending Inbounds – Maximum number of pending TCP inbound requests. This parameter comes into effect only when the TCP accept policy is set to inbound for the access rule.
- Max BARPs – (advanced) Defines the maximum number of bridging ARPs allowed. A bridging ARP entry (BARP) stores the information that specifies which bridge interface corresponds to a certain MAC address. Additionally, associated IP addresses are stored along with the BARP entry. Modifying this value may be useful for large bridging setups.
- Max Plugins – (advanced) Maximum number of rules using plugins.
- Dyn Service Names (RPC) – Maximum number of dynamic service name entries.
Global Limits 2
- Inbound Mode Threshold [%] – Threshold of pending accepts, at which point the firewall switches to the inbound TCP accept policy to guard against SYN flooding attacks.
- SYN Cookie High Watermark [%] – (advanced) Percentage (of maximum pending inbounds) of pending inbound accepts to switch to SYN cookie usage for enhanced SYN flooding protection.
- SYN Cookie Low Watermark [%] – (advanced) Percentage (of maximum pending inbounds) of pending inbound accepts to go back to ordinary SYN handling.
- Max Dynamic Rules – Maximum number of dynamically activated rules.
- Max Multiple Redirect IPs – Maximum number of IP addresses in rules with multiple redirect target IPs.
Source-Based Session Limits
Max Local-On Session/Src – (advanced) Maximum number of sessions per source IP address. Cannot be set to more than Max Session Slots.
Max Local-In UDP/Src – (advanced) Maximum number of UDP sessions per source IP address.
Max Local-In Echo/Src – (advanced) Maximum number of ICMP Echo sessions per source IP.
Max Local-In Other/Src – (advanced) Maximum number of sessions for all other IP protocols (not TCP, UDP, ICMP) per source IP address.
- Max Pending Local Accepts/Src – (advanced) Maximum number of pending accepts per source IP address.
The firewall history stores connection information for troubleshooting purposes. You can configure how many and how long connections are stored in the General Firewall Configuration settings. Use the Advanced View to configure these settings.
- Max. Access Entries – Determines the size of the visualization caches.
- Max. Block Entries – Determines the maximum number of block entries.
- Max. Drop Entries – Determines the maximum number of drop entries.
- Max. Fail Entries – Determines the maximum number of fail entries.
- Max. Scan Entries – Determines the maximum number of scan entries.
- Max. ARP Entries – Determines the maximum number of ARP entries.
- DNS Resolve IPs – Setting this parameter to yes will resolve IPs to hostnames on the firewall history. This may cause excessive load on the DNS servers.
- Rule Matching Policy – Selects the way in which a rule lookup is performed.
- Kernel space - linear lookup – Adequate for small rulesets.
- Kernel space - tree lookup (fastest) – Preferred option for large rulesets with hundreds of rules.
As a rule of thumb, for about 1000 session/s the Kernel space should be enabled for better firewall performance. Additionally, if many firewall objects (> 200) are used, the Kernel space - tree option is recommended.
- Rule Change Behavior – This setting applies only to the forwarding firewall and not to the host firewall because the host firewall generally does not allow re-evaluation of a session upon a rule-change. The setting specifies whether an existing connection is terminated (Terminate-on-change or not (Keep-on-change) if the ruleset changes and the session is no longer allowed by the new ruleset.
- No Rule Update Time Range – This option allows you to define a time range during which access rules may not be updated. Use international time format. For example, to disallow rule update from 14:00 through 22:00, insert
- On-demand network objects update – This option allows you to enable on-demand network objects.
- Network objects update interval – Update interval in minutes for on-demand network objects.
- Block Type 0 Routing Headers – This option allows you to block type 0 routing headers according to rfc5095.
Default TCP Policy
- Syn Flood Protection – Defines the default behavior of the firewall with regard to the TCP three-way handshake.
Outbound – Passes on the SYN to the target address.
- Inbound – The firewall completes the handshake and only then performs a handshake with the actual target. This helps to protect the target from SYN flood attacks. Disabling will cause an overhead in packet transmission, but may speed up interactive protocols like SSH.
- Nagle Algorithm – This parameter enables/disables the Nagle algorithm. This option is only available when using stream forwarding.
- Perform TCP Sequence Check – This parameter enables/disables TCP sequence checks. You can select one of the following options:
- All Packets
- TCP Stream Reassembly – (advanced) Reassembles the TCP stream before scanning for vulnerabilities.
Raw TCP Mode Policy
- RAW TCP Idle Timeout [s] – Defines the idle timeout value in seconds for RAW TCP mode.
- RAW TCP Timeout Policy – Defines the timeout policy that will be used for RAW TCP mode.
- Use-global-timeouts – Sets the timeout value that has been configured in the previous sections.
- Use-tcp-timeouts – Uses the timeout values from standard TCP set in the matching rule.
Default Anti-Spoofing Policy
ARP Reverse Route Check – Setting this parameter to Yes causes answers to ARP requests to be checked if source IP and interface match.
Reverse Interface Policy – The options of this parameter specify whether requests and replies must use the same (outgoing) interface (same-interface or not (interface-may-change).
Port Scan Policy
- Port Scan Threshold – When the number of blocked requests exceed the threshold, a port scan is detected and a port scan event is triggered. To not generate an event, see How to Configure Basic, Severity, and Notification Settings for Events.
- Port Scan Detection Interval [s] – Detection interval in seconds to check for not allowed activity. In combination with the parameter Port Scan Threshold, it defines the condition when to report a port scan.
Session Creation CPU Limit [%] – (advanced) Reserves a specific amount of CPU resources for the Barracuda OS to prevent the firewall from becoming unmanageable in case of a high amount of concurrent sessions being initiated. Barracuda Networks recommends to keep the Default value.
Validate TCP Checksum – (advanced) Enables an additional TCP packet consistency check. This will reduce performance.
- Validate UDP Checksum – (advanced) Enables an additional UDP packet consistency check. This will reduce performance.
- Parallel Shaping Tree Evaluation – (advanced) This option, if enabled, improves shaping tree evaluation.
- Disabled – Disables this option.
- Enabled – Improves shaping tree evaluation.
- Enable-MultiQueue-Only (default) – Enables this feature only for shaping trees built on top of interfaces with multiple hardware-queues or with RPS enabled.
High Availability-Related Policies
Allow Active-Active Mode – (advanced) Active-Active firewall operation mode must be enabled in preparation for operation of multiple active firewalls on one box with a load balancer connected upstream.
Enable Session Sync – (advanced) All currently established sessions will be synced to the HA partner to improve failover performance.
Enable Authentication Sync – (advanced) This option allows you to enable authentication data synchronization between HA partners.
- Auto – Automatically detects if a direct synchronization is required, or if synchronization is done over an authentication synchronization zone.
Yes – Enables direct synchronization between HA partners.
No – Disables direct synchronization between HA partners.
- Log Synced Sessions – (advanced) This setting determines logging of access cache sessions that have been synchronized between HA partners. Set to No to disable logging. Set to Auto to check if a trustzone synchronization is in place. If yes, the sync is done via trustzone, and direct synchronization gets disabled automatically. If no trustzone sync is configured, Auto will enable direct authentication sync.
Generically Forwarded Networks – (advanced) Traffic between networks inserted into this field will be excluded from firewall monitoring and will be forwarded without source and destination differentiation, even if no forwarding firewall is installed.
This menu point in General Firewall Configuration is accessible only in Advanced Configuration Mode.
Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) Engine Settings
- IPS Scan Mode – (advanced) Select the scanning mode for IPS. You must reboot for the changes to take effect.
- Auto – (advanced) The firewall automatically chooses the best suited mode.
- Fast-Scan – (advanced) Scan select packets to improve performance and throughput.
- Full-Scan – (advanced) Scan all packets.
Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) Decoder Settings
- HTML Parsing for IPS – Toggles HTML obfuscation detection. If this setting is changed, you must reboot for the changes to take effect.
- HTML content-encoding decompression – Enables HTTP content-encoding decompression (gzip, deflate). A reboot is required.
- HTML content-disposition decompression – Enables HTTP content-disposition decompression (zip). A reboot is required.
- PDF decoder – Enables decoding of PDF documents. A reboot is required.
- RPC decoder – Enables an RPC decoder. This is used for DCERPC and SMB connections. A reboot is required.
VPN Rate Limit (Mbps) – Limits how fast VPN traffic is encrypted and decrypted. Change this value if you experience excessive CPU load in an environment with many VPN tunnels. The value 0 does not impose any restriction.
- Enable Assembler Ciphers – (advanced) Using the assembler implementation for AES/SHA/MD5 increases VPN performance significantly.
Enable Intel AVX Extensions – Enables or disables the usage of Intel’s AVX extension (also valid on AMD processors).
Globally clear DF Bit – (advanced) Clears the DF bit for each ipv4 packet routed through a VPN tunnel. For more information on MTU, see Advanced Routing.
Resource Failure Policy
- Out of Memory Policy – An Out of Memory condition may disable protocol and application detection. As a consequence, all deeper analysis will be disabled as well.
- Fail-Open – Select to continue forwarding.
- Fail-Close – Select to terminate the affected sessions.
- Max. Cache Entries – The maximum number of entries in the kernel cache. 0 is auto selection depending on RAM size.
- Categorization Timeout [s] – Set the maximum timeout to wait for categorization response.
- Cache Entry Expiration [s] – After the configured time, the cached entries category will be updated.
- Cache Entry Expiration (no cat.) [s] – After the specified time in seconds, the cached entries' category, with category 'not categorized' will be updated.
- Cache Entry Expiration (err cat.) [s] – After the specified time in seconds, the cached entries' category, with category 'assigning error' will be updated.
Log Verbosity – (advanced) The log level of the URL Filter engine.
Application and Port Protocol Detection
- Enable Port Detection – Set to yes to use deep packet inspection to enforce the used protocol on a port. For more information, see How to Configure Port Protocol Protection
Application Detection Destination Tracking
- Enable Destination Tracking – Set to no unless specifically instructed otherwise by Barracuda Technical Support.
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)
SCADA Protocol Detection – Enable to detect SCADA protocols.
Disabled – Detection is disabled.
Enable without Parsing Log – Detected SCADA protocols are included in the Firewall Activity log.
Enable with Parsing Log – Enabled with detailed logs (box/SCADA/parsing).
- SCADA Dump Size [MB] – (advanced) A value of 0 means disabled. Enable to write a dump file for further analysis if SCADA protocol detection is enabled without parsing log support.
Audit and Reporting
- Generate Dashboard Information – Enable/disable the firewall dashboard.
- Generate Monitor Information – Enable the firewall monitor.
- Maximum Storage Size [MB] – Specify the storage size in megabytes to be used to monitor information data. A value of 0 enables automatic assignment based on the device.
- Statistics for Host Firewall – This option enables statistics for connections passing through the host firewall.
- Generate Protocol Statistics – If enabled, protocol and P2P-specific statistics are created and listed within the statistics viewer under .../BOX/proto-stat/...
- Use username if available – If set to yes, usernames are used for statistics, if available. Otherwise, the source IP address is used.
- Generate Events – Enable/Disable event generation.
- Event Data – (advanced) Use this section to selectively enable or disable event generation.
- Click Edit and define the events data should be generated for.
Application Control Logging – Select the global policy for Application Control logging.
Activity Log Mode – Configure whether the Firewall Activity logs use key-value pairs or only log the values. For more information, see Available Log Files and Structure
Activity Log Data – Configure whether the Firewall Activity logs uses full text or encoded information according to the list below. The encoded format is typically used to reduce the size of the log files.
4000 Unknown Block Reason 4001 Forwarding is disabled 4002 Block by Rule 4003 Block no Rule Match 4004 Block by Rule Source Mismatch 4005 Block by Rule Destination Mismatch 4006 Block by Rule Service Mismatch 4007 Block by Rule Time Mismatch 4008 Block by Rule Interface Mismatch 4009 Block Local Loop 4010 Block by Rule ACL 4011 Block Rule Limit Exceeded 4012 Block Rule Source Limit Exceeded 4013 Block Pending Session Limit Exceeded 4014 Block Size Limit Exceeded 4015 Block by Dynamic Rule 4016 Block No Address Translation possible 4017 Block Broadcast 4018 Block Multicast 4019 Block Source Session Limit Exceeded 4020 Block UDP Session Limit Exceeded 4021 Block Source UDP Session Limit Exceeded 4022 Block Echo Session Limit Exceeded 4023 Block Source Echo Session Limit Exceeded 4024 Block Other Session Limit Exceeded 4025 Block Source Other Session Limit Exceeded 4026 Block Total Session Limit Exceeded 4027 Block no Route to Destination 4028 Block Invalid Protocol for Rule Action 4029 Block Protected IP Count Exceeded Licensed Limit 4030 Block Device not available 4031 Block by Rule User Mismatch 4032 Block Bridged Destination MAC Unknown 4033 Block by Rule MAC Mismatch 4034 Send Authentication Required 4035 Block Invalid Local Redirection to Non Local Address 4036 Block Invalid Redirection to Local Address 4037 Block Slot Creation Failed 4038 Block by Rule Quarantine Class Mismatch 4039 Local IPv6 traffic is disabled 4040 WANOPT Protocol Negotiation Mismatch 4041 Block by Rule App mismatch 4042 URL Categorization not available and policy set to fail 4043 URL Domain Explicitly not Allowed by URL Categorization 4044 URL Category not Allowed by Policy 4045 URL Category Blocked by Policy 4046 Block due to ATP Quarantine 4047 Block Unauthorized ATP File Download Access 4048 URL Categorization not available and policy set to fail 4049 URL Category must be acknowledged by user 4050 Custom URL domain must be acknowledged by user 4051 URL Category must be acknowledged by supervisor 4052 Detected Content not allowed by policy 4053 Detected Browser Agent not allowed by policy 4054 Untrusted self-signed certificate 4055 Certificate not trusted 4056 Certificate Revoked 4057 Expired or not yet valid certificate 4058 Certificate content invalid 4059 Certificate revocation check failure 7000 Unknown Block Reason 7001 Forwarding is disabled 7002 Block by Rule 7003 Block no Rule Match 7004 Block by Rule Source Mismatch 7005 Block by Rule Destination Mismatch 7006 Block by Rule Service Mismatch 7007 Block by Rule Time Mismatch 7008 Block by Rule Interface Mismatch 7009 Block Local Loop 7010 Block by Rule ACL 7011 Block Rule Limit Exceeded 7012 Block Rule Source Limit Exceeded 7013 Block Pending Session Limit Exceeded 7014 Block Size Limit Exceeded 7015 Block by Dynamic Rule 7016 Block No Address Translation possible 7017 Block Broadcast 7018 Block Multicast 7019 Block Source Session Limit Exceeded 7020 Block UDP Session Limit Exceeded 7021 Block Source UDP Session Limit Exceeded 7022 Block Echo Session Limit Exceeded 7023 Block Source Echo Session Limit Exceeded 7024 Block Other Session Limit Exceeded 7025 Block Source Other Session Limit Exceeded 7026 Block Total Session Limit Exceeded 7027 Block no Route to Destination 7028 Block Invalid Protocol for Rule Action 7029 Block Protected IP Count Exceeded Licensed Limit 7030 Block Device not available 7031 Block by Rule User Mismatch 7032 Block Bridged Destination MAC Unknown 7033 Block by Rule MAC Mismatch 7034 Send Authentication Required 7035 Block Invalid Local Redirection to Non Local Address 7036 Block Invalid Redirection to Local Address 7037 Block Slot Creation Failed 7038 Block by Rule Quarantine Class Mismatch 7039 Local IPv6 traffic is disabled 7040 WANOPT Protocol Negotiation Mismatch 7041 Block by Rule App mismatch 7042 URL Categorization not available and policy set to fail 7043 URL Domain Explicitly not Allowed by URL Categorization 7044 URL Category not Allowed by Policy 7045 URL Category Blocked by Policy 7046 Block due to ATP Quarantine 7047 Block Unauthorized ATP File Download Access 7048 URL Categorization not available and policy set to fail 7049 URL Category must be acknowledged by user 7050 Custom URL domain must be acknowledged by user 7051 URL Category must be acknowledged by supervisor 7052 Detected Content not allowed by policy 7053 Detected Browser Agent not allowed by policy 7054 Untrusted self-signed certificate 7055 Certificate not trusted 7056 Certificate Revoked 7057 Expired or not yet valid certificate 7058 Certificate content invalid 7059 Certificate revocation check failure 2000 Session Idle Timeout 2001 Balanced Session Idle Timeout 2002 Last ACK Timeout 2003 Retransmission Timeout 2004 Halfside Close Timeout 2005 Unreachable Timeout 2006 Connection Closed 2007 Connection Reset by Source 2008 Connection Reset by Destination 2009 Connection Reset by Administrator 2010 Allow time interval expired 2011 Connection no Longer Allowed by Rule 2012 Dynamic Rule Expired 2013 Terminated due to content 2014 Forward Destination is a Local Address 2015 Unsyncable Session and Passive Sync Mode 2016 Network Device no Longer Available 2017 Dynamic Service not Allowed by Rule 2018 Session Duration Timeout 2019 Application Control 2020 Unallowed Protocol Detected 2021 IPS Policy Requested Termination 2022 WANOPT Policy Negotiation Failed 2023 None of the Allowed Protocols Detected 2024 Session diverted to dynamic mesh VPN tunnel 2025 Internal SSL Error 2026 Self Signed Cert Found 2027 No Issuer Found 2028 Certificate Revoked 2029 Certificate Validation Failed 2030 No Local Socket Present 2031 Out of Memory Fail Close" 6000 Unknown Scan Reason 6001 Terminate due to Pattern Detection 6002 Pattern Detection 6003 Application Control 6004 Drop due to Application Control 6005 Shape due to Application Control 6006 Unallowed Port Protocol Detected 6007 Reset due to Unallowed Port Protocol Detection 6008 Drop due to Unallowed Port Protocol Detection 6009 IPS Log 6010 IPS Warning 6011 IPS Alert 6012 IPS Drop Log 6013 IPS Drop Warning 6014 IPS Drop Alert 6015 Web Access 6016 Application/Protocol Detection 6017 Application/Protocol Warning 6018 Application/Protocol Alert 6019 Application/Protocol Denied 6020 Application/Protocol Denied with Warning 6021 Application/Protocol Denied with Alert 6022 URL Categorization 6023 URL Categorization Warning 6024 URL Categorization Alert 6025 URL Category Denied 6026 URL Category Denied with Warning 6027 URL Category Denied with Alert 6028 Virus Blocked 6029 Malicious File Blocked by Advanced Threat Protection 6030 Virus Scan not possible - Blocked 6031 Virus Scan not possible - Passed 6032 Virus Scan Error - Blocked 6033 Virus Scan Error - Passed 6034 Malicious Content Detected in Delivered File 6035 DNS Request for a Hostname with bad Reputation 6036 Client access to a DNS Sinkhole Address 6037 Client access to a Hostname with bad Reputation" 1000 Network Unreachable 1001 Host Unreachable 1002 Protocol Unreachable 1003 Port Unreachable 1004 Fragmentation Needed 1005 Source Route Failed 1006 Network Unknown 1007 Host Unknown 1008 Source Host Isolated 1009 Network Access Denied 1010 Host Access Denied 1011 Network Unreachable for TOS 1012 Host Unreachable for TOS 1013 Denied by Filter 1014 Host Precedence Violation 1015 Host Precedence Cutoff 1016 Connect Timeout 1017 Accept Timeout 1018 No Route to Host 1019 Unknown Network Error 1020 Routing Triangle 1021 TTL Expired 1022 Defragmentation Timeout 1023 No Route To Destination 1024 Communication Prohibited 1025 Unknown Code 2 1026 Address Unreachable 1027 Port Unreachable 1028 WANOPT Protocol Negotiation Mismatch 1029 WANOPT Out of descriptors 1030 WANOPT Partner protocol missing 1031 WANOPT No VPN 1032 Internal SSL Error 1033 Untrusted self-signed certificate 1034 Certificate not trusted 1035 Certificate Revoked 1036 Expired or not yet valid certificate 1037 Certificate content invalid 1038 Certificate revocation check failure 1039 Flex connection timeout 1040 Flex connection error 1041 Out of Memory Fail Close" 3000 Reverse Routing MAC Mismatch 3001 Reverse Routing Interface Mismatch 3002 Source is Multicast 3003 Source is Broadcast 3004 Source is an Invalid IP Class 3005 Source is Loopback 3006 Source is Local Address 3007 IP Header is Incomplete 3008 IP Header Version is Invalid 3009 IP Header Checksum is Invalid 3010 IP Header has Invalid IP Options 3011 IP Header Contains Source Routing 3012 IP Packet is Incomplete 3013 TCP Header is Incomplete 3014 TCP Header Checksum is Invalid 3015 TCP Header has an Invalid Cookie 3016 TCP Header has an Invalid SEQ Number 3017 TCP Header has an Invalid ACK Number 3018 TCP Header has Invalid TCP Options 3019 TCP Header has Invalid TCP FLAGS 3020 TCP Packet Belongs to no Active Session 3021 UDP Header is Incomplete 3022 UDP Header Checksum is Invalid 3023 ICMP Header is Incomplete 3024 ICMP Header Checksum is Invalid 3025 ICMP Type is Invalid 3026 ICMP Reply Without a Request 3027 No socket for packet 3028 Forwarding not Active 3029 No Device for source IP address 3030 ARP request device mismatch 3031 ARP reply duplicate and MAC differs 3032 Size Limit Exceeded 3033 Rate Limit Exceeded 3034 TTL Expired 3035 Unknown ARP Operation 3036 ICMP Packet Belongs to no Active Session 3037 ICMP Packet is Ignored 3038 ICMP Packet is Ignored by Rule Settings 3039 High Level Protocol Header is Incomplete 3040 High Level Protocol Header is Invalid 3041 High Level Protocol Version is Invalid 3042 High Level Protocol Packet is Incomplete 3043 High Level Protocol Packet is Invalid 3044 Source MAC Mismatch 3045 Destination MAC Mismatch 3046 Bridge ACL violation 3047 ARP Burst Detected 3048 Static bridge ARP mismatch 3049 Change of locked ARP entry 3050 Possible MAC Spoofing 3051 No Next hop Allowed on Bridge Segment 3052 Decompression failed 3053 Session Creation Load Exceeded 3054 Failed to update/create QARP entry 3055 Failed to retrieve routing information for quarantine setup 3056 Cannot send packets between different quarantine groups 3057 QARP device entry does not match device to be used 3058 Drop guessed TCP RST 3059 Invalid SYN for Established TCP Session 3060 Received Packet Exceeds NIC MTU (Invalid TCP-Segmentation-Offload ?) 3061 TCP Header ACK Sequence Number out of Window Size 3062 Unsupported IPV6 header 3063 No Ruleset loaded 3064 Source Barp Unknown 3065 Source and destination Barp on the same device 3066 Drop Otherhost 3067 Firewall not active 3068 Payload linearization failed 3069 Reevaluation failed 3070 Unknown fragment 3071 Bridge Loop Detected 3072 Interface is set to discard by RSTP" 5000 Unknown Deny Reason 5001 Deny by Rule 5002 Deny by Rule Source Mismatch 5003 Deny by Rule Destination Mismatch 5004 Deny by Rule Service Mismatch 5005 Deny by Rule Time Mismatch 5006 Deny Local Loop 5007 Deny by Rule ACL 5008 Deny by Dynamic Rule 5009 Deny No Address Translation possible
- Activity Log Information – Click Set/Edit to define what type of information is included in the firewall activity log. Click Clear to reset to factory default values.
- Log Level – Decides whether log messages are accumulated to avoid too large log files.
- Cumulative Interval [s] – (advanced) Interval in seconds for which cumulative logging is activated for either matching or similar log entries.
- Cumulative Maximum – (advanced) Maximum of similar log entries to start cumulative logging.
- Generate Audit Log – Enable the generation of structured firewall audit data that can be stored locally and/or forwarded. If enabled, the Audit Log tab of the firewall UI will get populated with data).
- Audit Log Data – (advanced) Click Set/Edit to selectively enable or disable audit log generation. Click Clear to reset to factory default values.
- Log ICMP Packets – Select the logging policy for ICMP packets.
- Log-All – Log all ICMP packets except type ECHO.
- Log-Unexpected – Log all ICMP packets except ECHO and UNREACHABLE.
- Log-None – Disable ICMP logging.
- Allow Threat Log Processing – Allow other processes to access threat log information for further processing.
- Enable IPFIX/Netflow – Internet Protocol Flow Information Export (IPFIX, RFC 3917) is based on NetFlow Version 9. You can use this setting to stream the FW audit log via IPFIX. Note that using this also requires an adjustment of Audit Delivery within section Audit Log Data to Send-IPFIX.
- Enable intermediate reports – Enable sending of intermediate reports with delta counters. (Use the IPFIX reporting interval [m] option to determine how often intermediate reports are sent.)
- IPFIX reporting interval [m] – Interval in minutes between two intermediate IPFIX flow reports for each active flow.
- IPFIX Template – If set to Extended, includes additional information, such as delta counters, to the IPFIX export. If your collector does not support reverse flows, select Uniflow templates. These templates will duplicate the traffic against the collector.
- Collectors – Add external IPFIX collectors.
- Settings – Click Set/Edit to configure connection tracing settings.
Out of Session Packets
This menu point in General Firewall Configuration is accessible only in Advanced Configuration Mode.
Out of Session [OOS] Packet Policy
- Interfaces to Send TCP RST – (advanced) The firewall sends TCP RST packets to these network interfaces if it detects packets not belonging to an active session. This is useful to avoid timeouts on certain servers.
- IPV4 Networks to Send TCP RST – (advanced) The firewall sends TCP RST packets to these IPv4 networks if it detects packets not belonging to an active session.
- IPV6 Networks to Send TCP RST – (advanced) The firewall sends TCP RST packets to these IPv6 networks if it detects packets not belonging to an active session.
Advanced Log Settings
This menu point in General Firewall Configuration is accessible only in Advanced Configuration Mode.
- Security Policy Facility Loglevels – (advanced) Specify the general log level for services running on the firewall.