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Barracuda CloudGen Firewall

How to Activate Forward Error Correction

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Before You Begin

Basic Requirements for Using FEC on a CGF/CGW

  • Both peers must operate firewall firmware version 8.2.0 or higher.
  • FEC is only available for TINA/UDP tunnels.
  • FEC can be configured on both peers of a TINA transport.
  • Dynamic Bandwidth Detection must be enabled on the transport.
  • The FEC level stands for a certain number of repair packets that are added to the UDP data stream. The error correction level must be configured on both peers, but each peer can have a different level.

    When changing the FEC level, you must restart the transport.
  • The maximum size of repair packets is limited and depends on the MTU of the VPN device.

    Do not change the MTU for the VPN unless you know exactly what you are doing!
    If the MTU of the VPN device is increased, the FEC will not work for packets larger than the hard-coded MTU.

How to Configure Forward Error Correction

The following example describes a scenario with the settings for 2 peers.

Replace these IP addresses so that they match your requirements.

  • 1st peer: Public IP: 123.234.0.1
    • LAN IP: 192.168.0.0/24
    • Shared IP for LAN: 192.168.0.1
  • 2nd peer: Public IP: 123.234.1.1
    • LAN IP: 192.168.1.0/24
    • Shared IP for LAN: 192.168.1.1
Step 1. Configure FEC on the Transport Level
Complete the following steps for both peers!
  1. Configure Shared Networks and IPs.
    1. Go to CONFIGURATION -> Configuration Tree -> Box -> Network -> IP Configuration, section Shared Networks and IPs.
    2. Add the local network from the first peer to the list.
  2. Configure the TINA tunnel.
    1. Go to CONFIGURATION -> Configuration Tree -> Box -> Assigned Services -> VPN -> Site-to-Site.
    2. Right-click the main view area.
    3. Select New TINA tunnel... from the list.
    4. In the Basics tab, configure the TINA tunnel according to your requirements.
    5. In the SD-WAN - Bandwidth Protection tab, set Dynamic Bandwidth Detection to Active Probing and Passive Monitoring.
    6. For FEC level, the recommended standard setting is Medium. Adjust this value to your requirements.
  3. In the Local Networks tab:
    1. Set Call Direction. At least one of the firewalls must be active. In this example, select Active.
    2. Add the IP address of the local network interface: 192.168.0.1.
  4. In the Local tab, configure the public IP address: 123.234.0.1
  5. In the Remote Networks tab, add the network address of the remote LAN: 192.168.1.0/24
  6. In the Remote tab, enter 123.234.1.1
  7. In the Identity tab, ensure that there is a public key present.
    1. Export the public key to a file.
  8. Ensure that you have exported the public key from the complementary peer into a file.
    1. In the Peer Identification tab, import the public key from a file exported on the complementary peer.
Step 2a. (optional) Configure FEC on a Session Level for an Access Rule

On a session level for an access rule, you must either configure a Connection Object for FEC or create a new one. In both cases, the value for Error Correction must be configured with the same value.

This example assumes that an appropriate connection object is already present.

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION -> Configuration Tree -> Box -> Assigned Services -> Firewall -> Forwarding Rules -> Connections.
  2. Click Lock.
  3. In the main view area, double-click the corresponding connection object.
  4. The Edit / Create a Connection Object window is displayed.
  5. In the section SD-WAN VPN Settings, click Edit/Show... .
  6. In the section Simultaneous Transport Usage, select Forward Error Correction for Error Protection.
    simultaneous_transport_usage_for_error_protection.png
  7. Click OK.
  8. Click OK.
  9. Click Send Changes / Activate.
Step 2b. (optional) Configure FEC on a Session Level for an Application Rule

You can override the settings for an application rule by performing the following steps:

  1. Go to CONFIGURATION -> Configuration Tree -> Box -> Assigned Services -> Firewall -> Forwarding Rules -> Application Rules.
  2. In the main view area, double-click the application rule that you want to override.
  3. The window Edit Rule is displayed.
  4. Select the check box for Change SD-WAN Settings.
    fec_override_application_rule_change_sdwan_settings.png
  5. Click the '...' button.
  6. The SD-WAN Settings window is displayed.
  7. In the section Simultaneous Transport Usage, select Forward Error Correction for Error Protection.
    simultaneous_transport_usage_for_error_protection.png
  8. Click OK.
  9. Click Send Changes / Activate.
Step 3. Check the Transport Details for Your Configuration.
  1. Go to VPN -> Site-to-Site.
  2. Double-click the transport for which you have configured FEC.
  3. The Transport Details window is displayed.
  4. In the list, locate the two entries with the name transport_FEClevelIn and transport_FEClevelOut for your peers.
    fec_feedback_and_monitoring.png

 

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