For health care providers, governmental agencies, and other entities who need to protect private, sensitive, and valuable information communicated via email, Email Gateway Defense provides Data Leak Prevention (DLP) features using email encryption. DLP enables your organization to satisfy email compliance filtering for corporate policies and government regulations such as HIPAA and Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX). Advanced content scanning is applied for keywords inside commonly used text attachments, as well as email encryption. You can configure email encryption policies per domain.
Outbound Mail Encryption
Encryption is performed by the Barracuda Email Encryption Service, which also provides a web interface, the Barracuda Message Center, for recipients to retrieve encrypted messages.
Figure 1: Mail Flow for Encrypted messages sent through Email Gateway Defense
Secure Sensitive Message Transmission
TLS or Transport Layer Security is used to encrypt the communication channels for both inbound and outbound mail. By default, use of TLS is opportunistic - a TLS connection will first be attempted; if unsuccessful, the connection will revert to plain text (unencrypted).
Email Gateway Defense provides capabilities to require TLS connections to and from certain domains, or in certain cases, ALL communication. Connections that require TLS, and fail to do so, will be rejected.
For more information on how to configure these policies, see Configuring Secure Message Transmission.
Define when to Encrypt Messages
Use the Outbound Settings > Content Policies page to create policies for encryption of outbound message in one or both sections:
- Message Content Filters – Select the Encrypt action for outbound email based on characteristics of the message's subject, header, body, attachments, sender, or recipient. You can specify simple words or phrases, or use Regular Expressions. Content filtering is case sensitive. Select Do not encrypt to exempt messages, based on the content, from the outbound encryption policy.
- Predefined Filters – Select the Encrypt action for outbound email messages that contain matches to pre-made patterns in the subject line, headers, message body, or attachment. Use the following pre-defined data leakage patterns (specific to U.S.) to meet HIPAA and other email security regulations:
- Credit Cards – Messages sent through Email Gateway Defense containing recognizable Master Card, Visa, American Express, Diners Club or Discover card numbers will be subject to the action you choose.
- Social Security – Messages sent with valid social security numbers will be subject to the action you choose. U.S. Social Security Numbers (SSN) must be entered in the format nnn-nn-nnnn or nnn nn nnnn .
- Privacy – Messages will be subject to the action you choose if they contain two or more of the following data types, using common U.S. data patterns only: credit cards (including Japanese Credit Bureau), expiration date, date of birth, Social Security number, driver's license number, street address, or phone number.
- Phone numbers must be entered in one of the following formats:
- Street address must be an exact match and should not contain any special characters such as periods (.) or commas (,). For example, enter
123 Main Stinstead of
123 Main St., Town, State.
- Phone numbers must be entered in one of the following formats:
- HIPAA – Messages will be subject to the action you choose if they contain TWO of the types of items as described in Privacy above and ONE medical term, or ONE Privacy item, ONE Address and ONE medical term. A street address can take the place of Privacy patterns. So, for example, a U.S. Social Security Number (SSN), an address, and one medical term is enough to trigger the HIPAA filter.
Order of Precedence for Attachment Filters, Message Content Filters, and Predefined Filters
The Attachment Filters, Message Content Filters, and Predefined Filters support the following actions, in the following order of precedence:
|1||Message Content Filter||Allow|
|2||Message Content Filter||Block|
|6||Message Content Filter||Quarantine|
|8||Message Content Filter||Do not encrypt|
Message Content Filter
Click Help on the Outbound Settings > Content Policies page in the Email Gateway Defense web interface for more details.
Validate Your Domain
- Under the Domains tab, click Edit on the domain you use to send email.
- Scroll down to the Encryption section.
- You will see Validation Status: Not Validated.
- Click Validate CNAME or Validate Postmaster and follow the instructions in the popup banner to validate your domain. Note that clicking Validate CNAME multiple times will create a new subdomain each time.
- Click Confirm Validation.
Once your domain is validated, you can now:
- Add your company logo to the notification message to recipients. Recommended size is 160 x 65 pixels.
- Allow Replies - Allows recipient to reply to messages.
- Enable Read Receipts - Sends a read receipt email to the sender notifying that the recipient has read the message.
Example read receipt:
- Customize the subject of the notification message.
- Customize the text in the body of the notification message.
Encryption Notification Placeholders
Use the following placeholders in your encryption notification template email:
- %subject% – The subject
- %sender% – The sender
- %senderdomain% – The sender's domain
- %recipient% – The encrypted mail recipient
- %link% – The Barracuda Message Center link. For example: <a href=%link%>Click here</a>
- %logo% – Your logo image. For example: <img src=%logo%>
- %displayname% – The Domain Display Name set for this domain.
Send and Receive Encrypted Messages
The Barracuda Message Center is a web-based email client for receiving and managing encrypted email sent by Email Gateway Defense. The email client looks and behaves much like any web-based email program (see Figure 2). For a user's guide, see the Barracuda Message Center User's Guide. The workflow for sending and receiving encrypted messages is as follows:
- Outbound messages that meet the filtering criteria and policies configured as described above are encrypted and appear in the Message Log, but the message body does not appear in the log for security purposes.
- The Barracuda Message Center sends an email notification to the recipient including a link the recipient can click to view and retrieve the message from the Barracuda Message Center.
- The first time the recipient clicks this link, the Barracuda Message Center prompts them to create a password.
- The recipient logs into the Barracuda Message Center and is presented with a list of email messages. All encrypted messages received appear in this list for a finite retention period or until deleted by the recipient.
Figure 2: Barracuda Message Center web interface
If enabled, recipients of encrypted messages can respond to the sender via the Barracuda Message Center. The new recipient (original sender) will now receive a notification letting senders know about the new encrypted message.