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Barracuda Web Application Firewall

Load Balancing For Clustered Barracuda CloudGen WAF Instances in Amazon Web Services (AWS)

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This guide walks you through the steps to load balance traffic across multiple instances of the Barracuda CloudGen WAF deployed in Amazon Web Services.

In this article

To set up a High Availability environment with multiple Barracuda CloudGen WAF instances in Amazon Web Services, make sure all services configured on each instance use the WAN IP address of the Barracuda CloudGen WAF.

Step 1 - Deploy Multiple Barracuda CloudGen WAF Instances in Amazon Web Services

Follow the steps in Deploy the Barracuda Web Application Firewall on Amazon Web Services   to deploy multiple Barracuda CloudGen WAF instances. To license and configure your virtual machine, continue with Barracuda CloudGen WAF Deployment and Quick Start Guide for Amazon Web Services . In this example, there are two Barracuda CloudGen WAF instances where Barracuda-WAF1 is the first unit and Barracuda-WAF2 is the second unit.

Step 2 - Set Up Load Balancing on the Barracuda CloudGen WAF Instances

Load Balance the Service on Multiple Barracuda CloudGen WAF Instances Using the Application Load Balancer
  1. Log into the Amazon EC2 Management Console.
  2. From the EC2 dashboard, select Load Balancers under Load Balancing.
  3. Click Create Load Balancer. The Select load balancer type page opens.

  4. On the Select load balancer type page, click Create under Application Load Balancer.

    Application_Load_Balancer.png

  5. On the Create Application Load Balancer page:

    1. Basic Configuration

      1. Load Balancer name - Enter a name for the load balancer.

      2. Scheme - Select the scheme to route the client requests to the server.

        1. Internet-facing: Routes client requests over the Internet.

        2. Internal: Routes requests using the private IP addresses.

      3. IP address type - Select the IP address type (IPv4 or dualstack) to communicate with the load balancer.

        1. IPv4: Accepts only IPv4 traffic.

        2. Dualstack: Accepts IPv4 and IPv6 traffic.

    2. Network mapping

      1. VPC – Select the VPC.

      2. Mappings - Select the availability zones and subnets for the VPC load balancer.

    3. Security groups

      1. Security groups - Select an existing security group from the drop-down list and assign it to the load balancer, or choose Create new security group to create a new group.

    4. Listeners and routing

      1. Listener – Configure the following:

        1. Protocol – Select the protocol (HTTP or HTTPS).

        2. Port – Specify the port number.

        3. Default action – Select an existing target group from the drop-down list, or click Create target group to register your targets (services). The load balancer routes the traffic to registered targets (services) using the port and protocol specified for the target group. See the section Create a Target Group.

      2. Click Add Listener.

    5. Tags (optional)

      1. Specify a key and a value for the tag. Click Add tag to add tags.

    6. Summary

      1. Review your settings before creating the load balancer, and then click Create load balancer.

Create a Target Group

You must create a target group and register the Barracuda CloudGen WAF instances or IP addresses for which the traffic needs to be load balanced. The load balancer routes the traffic to the registered targets using the specified port and protocol. For detailed information, refer to the AWS documentation.

  1. Log into the Amazon EC2 Management Console.
  2. From the EC2 dashboard, select Target Groups under Load Balancing.
  3. On the Target groups page, click Create target group.
  4. On the Step 1 Specify group details page, configure the following:
  5. Basic configuration
    1. Choose a target type - If the Barracuda CloudGen WAF instances have created the service using the system IP address, select Instances. If the Barracuda CloudGen WAF instances have services with multiple IP addresses, select IP addresses.
    2. Target group name - Specify a name for the target group.
    3. Protocol - Select the protocol
    4. Port - Specify the port number.
    5. VPC - Select the VPC with the instances that need to be included in the target group.
    6. IP address type - (Available only when the target type is IP addresses) Select the IP address type for the IP addresses. Note: The target group may include only the selected IP address type targets (services).
    7. Protocol version - Select the protocol version.
  6. Health checks – Modify the default settings as needed.
  7. Tags (Optional) – Expand the tags section, and add the tags with key and value pair.
  8. Click Next.
  9. On the Register targets page, do the following:
    1. If the target type is Instances:
      1. Select the instances to which the traffic needs to be load balanced and click Include as pending below.
    2. If the target type is IP addresses:
      1. Select a network VPC from the list.
      2. Specify the IP addresses. You can add up to five IP addresses at a time.
      3. Specify the port number to route the traffic to specified IP addresses.
      4. Click Include as pending below.
  10. Review the targets and click Create target group.
Load Balance the Service on the Barracuda CloudGen WAF Instances Using the Classic Load Balancer
  1. Log into the Amazon EC2 Management Console.
  2. From the EC2 dashboard, select Load Balancers under Load Balancing.
  3. Click Create Load Balancer. The Select load balancer type page opens.

  4. In the Select load balancer type page, click Create under Classic Load Balancer.

    Load_Balancer_Types.png

  5. On the Step 1: Define Load Balancer page:

    1. Load Balancer Name – Enter a name for the load balancer.

    2. Create LB Inside – Select the VPC ID under which the Barracuda CloudGen WAF instances are launched.

    3. Leave Create an internal load balancer set to the default value.

    4. Select the Enable advanced VPC configuration check box.

    5. Listener Configuration - Add the ports where services are created requiring load balancing.

    6. Select the subnets for the VPC load balancer.

    7. Click Next: Assign Security Groups.

  6. On the Step 2: Assign Security Groups page, choose Select an existing security group to select and assign the security group(s) from an existing list, or choose Create a new security group to create a new group. Click Next: Configure Security Settings.

    Ensure the selected group has all ports open, which were configured for the load balancer in Step 5.

  7. Note on the Step 3: Configure Security Settings: Applicable only if load balancer is listening to HTTPS traffic.

    1. Select Certificate

      1. Certificate Type: Select the certificate type.

      2. Certificate: Select a certificate from the drop-down list.

    2. Select Cipher

      1. Predefined Security Policy: Select a security policy from the drop-down list.

    3. Click Next: Configure Health Check.

  8. In the Configure Health Check page:

    1. Ping Protocol – Keep the default value, i.e., HTTP.

    2. Ping Port – Set to 8000. By default, the Barracuda CloudGen WAF listens on port 8000. If you are using a different port for the Barracuda CloudGen WAF, specify that port number.

    3. Ping Path – Enter /cgi-mod/index.cgi.

    4. In the Advanced Details section, specify required values and click Next: Add EC2 Instances.

  9. On the Step 5: Add EC2 Instances page, select the instances to be added to this load balancer and click Next: Add Tags.

  10. On the Step 6. Add Tags page, specify a key and a value for the tag and click Review and Create.

  11. On the Step 7: Review page, review your settings before creating the load balancer, and then click Create.

  12. The Load Balancers table displays the created load balancer details.

The services configured should be accessed using the DNS name of the created load balancer. For example, in the above example, the DNS name of the load balancer is waf-lb1-334799786 and the HTTP service created on port 80 can be accessible via http://waf-lb1-334799786 / http://waf-lb1-334799786:80.

Step 3 - Set Up a High Availability Environment with the Barracuda CloudGen WAF

Follow these steps to cluster your Barracuda CloudGen WAF virtual machines in Amazon Web Services:

Before clustering your Barracuda CloudGen WAF virtual machines, ensure the following ports are open in the Security Group assigned to the Barracuda CloudGen WAF virtual machines:

Ports_Opened.jpg
  1. Install each system and ensure that each Barracuda CloudGen WAF is running the same firmware version. Each Barracuda CloudGen WAF in a cluster must have the same model number and firmware version.
  2. Make a backup of each Barracuda CloudGen WAF configuration.
  3. No processes should be running on any virtual machine when you link them together. To be sure, go to the ADVANCED > Task Manager page of each Barracuda CloudGen WAF and verify that no processes are running.
  4. From the ADVANCED > High Availability page of Barracuda-WAF1, enter a Cluster Shared Secret password, and click Save Changes.
  5. From the ADVANCED > High Availability page of Barracuda-WAF2, do the following:
    1. Enter the same Cluster Shared Secret password, and click Save Changes. Both units in a cluster must have the same Cluster Shared Secret to communicate with each other.
    2. In the Clustered Systems section, enter the WAN IP address of Barracuda-WAF1, and click Join Cluster. Never cancel the join cluster task when the join is in progress.

      The unit initiating the join cluster inherits the configuration from its peer unit and has its configuration overwritten.

  6. On each Barracuda CloudGen WAF, refresh the ADVANCED > High Availability page, and verify the following:
    1. Each system's hostname, serial number, and WAN IP address appears in the Clustered Systems list.
    2. The identity of the system (self or peer) displays in the Type field.
    3. The Status is green for all virtual machines in the cluster.
  7. View the Cluster Status from the BASIC > Dashboard page, under Performance Statistics.

To add more units to the existing cluster, repeat Steps 1 to 5.a., and then do the following:

  1. From the ADVANCED > High Availability page of the Barracuda CloudGen WAF you are adding to the cluster, enter the WAN IP address of any system in the cluster in the Peer IP Address field and click Join Cluster. Verify the following:
    1. The configuration of the cluster automatically propagates to the newly added system.
    2. The new unit information propagates to all other units in the cluster.
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