We use cookies on our website to ensure we provide you with the best experience on our website. By using our website, you agree to the use of cookies for analytics and personalized content.This website uses cookies. More Information
It seems like your browser didn't download the required fonts. Please revise your security settings and try again.
Barracuda Web Application Firewall

Exporting Log Formats

  • Last updated on

Custom Log Format

Customize the Log Format for any Log Type (except System Logs)
  1. Navigate to the ADVANCED > Export Logs page.
  2. In the Logs Format section, select Custom Format for any of the log types. The Custom Format  can be defined in two ways:
    1. Specify "%" followed by the alphabet. The alphabets and its meaning are given in the Table of Log Formats for different log types. For example, if you configure "%h %u %t %r %ua %ci" as the custom format, the output will be "Jan 13 16:19:22 wsf 192.168.132.211 /cgi-bin/process.cgi 2010-01-13 05:49:22.350 -0500 "-" "Wget/1.10.2 (Red Hat modified)" 192.168.128.7". OR,
    2. Specify "name=value" format. For example, if you configure "host=%h url=%u time=%t ref=%r uagent=%ua src=%ci" as the custom format, the output will be "Jan 13 16:19:22 wsf host=192.168.132.211 url=/cgi-bin/process.cgi time=2010-01-13 05:49:22.350 -0500 ref="-" uagent="Wget/1.10.2 (Red Hat modified)" src=192.168.128.7". This format is used by some SEIM vendors such as ArchSight.
  3. Click Save to save the settings.
Log Format Separators

When defining log formats, you can use space as a separator between each log format for Web Firewall Logs FormatAccess Logs Format and Audit Logs Format.

For Access Logs Format, you can also use pipe (|) or semicolon (;) separators. Log formats can be separated by a single separator or a combination of space, pipe, and semicolon separators.

Log formats can use only one separator in each place, i.e., space (" "), pipe (|) or semicolon. For example: %h %id|%u;%t %r|%s

For information on how to manage these logs please, see the documentation available for your syslog server.

Configure Logs Format
  1. Go to the ADVANCED > Export Logs page.
  2. In the Logs Format section, specify values for the following fields:
    • Syslog Header – Specify a header format, which will be displayed when %header is used in the logs format. For example, consider the header format is "Barracuda", and the defined custom format is "%header %h %u %t %r %ua %ci". The output will be "Barracuda Jan 13 16:19:22 wsf 192.168.132.211 /cgi-bin/process.cgi 2010-01-13 05:49:22.350 -0500 "-" "Wget/1.10.2 (Red Hat modified)" 192.168.128.7". Values:
      • ArcSight Log Header – Uses this header format in the logs format.
      • QRadar Log Header – Uses this header format in the logs format.
      • Custom Header – Define a custom header format to be used in the logs format.
    • Web Firewall Logs Format – Select the format in which the Web firewall logs should be sent to the export log server. Values:
      • Default – The default Web firewall log format defined by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall
      • CEF:0 (ArcSight) – The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by ArcSight.
      • HPE ArcSight CEF:0 - The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by HP ArcSight. This is the updated version of CEF:0 (ArcSight).
      • LEEF1.0 (QRadar) – The Log Event Enhanced Format (LEEF) log used by QRadar.
      • Symantec SIM – The default log format used by Symantec SIM.
      • RSA enVision – The default log format used by RSA envision.
      • Microsoft Azure OMS - The default log format used by Microsoft Azure OMS.
      • Splunk – The default log format used by Splunk.
      • Custom Format– Define a custom log format using the values displayed under Web Firewall Logs in the Table of Log Formats
    • Access Logs Format – Select the format in which the access logs should be sent to the export log server. Values:
      • Default – The default access log format defined by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
      • Common Log Format – The default format for logged HTTP information.
      • NCSA Extended Format – The Common Log Format appended with referer and agent information.
      • W3C Extended Format – The default log format used by Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS).
      • CEF:0 (ArcSight) – The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by ArcSight.
      • HPE ArcSight CEF:0 - The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by HP ArcSight. This is the updated version of CEF:0 (ArcSight)
      • LEEF1.0 (QRadar) – The Log Event Enhanced Format (LEEF) log used by QRadar.
      • Symantec SIM – The default log format used by Symantec SIM.
      • RSA enVision – The default log format used by RSA enVision.
      • Splunk – The default log format used by Splunk.
      • Microsoft Azure OMS - The default log format used by Microsoft Azure OMS.
      • Custom Format – Define a custom log format using the values displayed under Access Logs in Table of Log Formats.
    • Audit Logs Format – Select the format in which the audit logs should be sent to the export log server. Values:
      • Default– The default audit logs format defined by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
      • CEF:0 (ArcSight) – The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by ArcSight.
      • HPE ArcSight CEF:0 - The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by HP ArcSight. This is the updated version of CEF:0 (ArcSight)
      • LEEF1.0 (QRadar) – The Log Event Enhanced Format (LEEF) log used by QRadar.
      • Symantec SIM – The default log format used by Symantec SIM.
      • RSA envision – The default log format used by RSA envision.
      • Splunk – The default log format used by Splunk.
      • Microsoft Azure OMS - The default log format used by Microsoft Azure OMS.
      • Custom Format – Define a custom log format using the values displayed under Audit Logs in the Table of Log Formats.
    • Network Firewall Logs Format - Select the format in which the network firewall logs should be sent to the export log server. Values:
      • Default - The default network firewall logs format defined by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
      • HPE ArcSight CEF:0 - The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by HP ArcSight. This is the updated version of CEF:0 (ArcSight)
      • Custom Format - Define a custom log format using the values displayed under Network Firewall Logs in the Table of Log Formats.
    • System Logs Format - Select the format in which the system logs should be sent to the export log server. Values:
      • Default - The default system logs format defined by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
      • CEF:0 (ArcSight) - The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by ArcSight.
      • HPE ArcSight CEF:0 - The Common Event Format (CEF) log used by HP ArcSight. This is the updated version of CEF:0 (ArcSight)
      • LEEF1.0 (QRadar) - The Log Event Enhanced Format (LEEF) log used by QRadar.
      • Symantec SIM - The default log format used by Symantec SIM.
      • RSA enVision - The default log format used by RSA envision.
      • Splunk - The default log format used by Splunk.
      • Microsoft Azure OMS - The default log format used by Microsoft Azure OMS.
      • Custom Format - Define a custom log format using the values displayed under System Logs in the Table of Log Formats.
  3. Click Save.

The sections below describe the formats of the logs and elements sent over in each type of the event generated by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall. Please be aware that syslog implementations vary, and may not display the messages in this exact format. However, these sections should be present in the syslog lines.

System Logs

The default log format for the events generated by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall system is as follows:

%t %un %lt %md %ll %ei %ms

For information on default log formats and their meanings, see the table below.

Example: 

2014-05-20 00: 54:44.627 -0700  WAF1 SYS ADMIN_M ALER 51001 Account has been locked for user Kevin because the number of consecutive log-in failures exceeded the maximum allowed

Detailed Description

The following table describes each element of a system log with respect to the above example:

Field NameExampleDescription
Time 2014-05-20 00: 54:44.627 -0700The date and time at which the event occurred.
Unit NameWAF1Specifies the name of the unit, which is same as the Default Hostname on the BASIC > IP Configuration page.
Log TypeSYS

Specifies the type of log: Web Firewall Log, Access Log, Audit Log, Network Firewall Log or System Log.

Values: WF, TR, AUDIT, NF, SYS

Module NameADMIN_M

Denotes the name of the module that generated the logs.

Example: STM, SAPD, LB, PROCMON, etc.
Log Level

ALER

The level of severity.

Values:

  • EMERGENCY – System is unusable (highest priority).
  • ALERT – Response must be taken immediately.
  • CRITICAL – Critical conditions.
  • ERROR – Error conditions.
  • WARNING – Warning conditions.
  • NOTICE – Normal but significant condition.
  • INFORMATION – Informational message (on ACL configuration changes).
  • DEBUG – Debug-level message (lowest priority).
Event ID

51001

The event ID of the module.

MessageAccount has been locked for user Kevin because the number of consecutive log-in failures exceeded the maximum allowed.Denotes the log message for the event that occurred.

Web Firewall Logs

All the actions/events on the web firewall are logged under Web Firewall Logs. These logs help the administrator to analyze the traffic for suspicious activity and also fine-tune the web firewall policies.

Navigate to the BASIC > Web Firewall Logs page to view the generated log messages. This log data is obtained from the log database on the Barracuda Web Application Firewall itself. As noted above, the external syslog server IP for these logs is specified under ADVANCED > Export Logs > Syslog. Over syslog, every log in the Barracuda Web Application Firewall has a level associated with it, which indicates the severity of the logs. An administrator can configure what level of logs should be recorded for each service by editing the service under the BASIC > Services page.

The default log format for Web Firewall Logs:

%t %un %lt %sl %ad %ci %cp %ai %ap %ri %rt %at %fa %adl %m %u %p %sid %ua %px %pp %au %r 

Unit Name, Log Type, and Log ID are not displayed on the BASIC > Web Firewall Logs page.

IPv4 Example:

2014-04-11 10:50:30.411 +0530  wafbox1 WF ALER PRE_1_0_REQUEST 99.99.1.117 34006 99.99.109.2 80 global GLOBAL LOG NONE [POST /index.cgi] POST 99.99.109.2/index.cgi HTTP REQ-0+RES-0 “Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:12.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/12.0”  99.99.1.117 34005 Kevin http://99.99.109.2/index.cgi

IPv6 Example:

2014-04-11 10:52:01.579 +0530  wafbox1 WF ALER PRE_1_0_REQUEST 2001::117 43655 2001::1:109 80 global GLOBAL LOG NONE [POST /index.cgi] POST 2001::1:109/index.cgi HTTP REQ-0+RES-0  " Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:12.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/12.0" 2001::117 43654 Kevin http://2001::109/index.cgi

Detailed Description

The following table describes each element of a web firewall log with respect to the above example:

Field NameExampleDescription
Time2014-04-11 10:50:30.411 +0530The time recorded in the following format: "yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss.s" (one or more digits representing a decimal fraction of a second) TZD (time zone designator, which is either Z or +hh:mm or -hh:mm)
Unit Namewafbox1Specifies the name of the unit, which is the same as the Default Hostname on the BASIC > IP Configuration page.
Log TypeWF

Specifies the type of log: Web Firewall Log, Access Log, Audit Log, Network Firewall Log, or System Log.

 

Values: WF, TR, AUDIT, NF, SYS
SeverityALER

Defines the seriousness of the attack.

Values:

  • EMERGENCY – System is unusable (highest priority).
  • ALERT – Response must be taken immediately.
  • CRITICAL – Critical conditions.
  • ERROR – Error conditions.
  • WARNING – Warning conditions.
  • NOTICE – Normal but significant condition.
  • INFORMATION – Informational message (on ACL configuration changes).
  • DEBUG – Debug-level message (lowest priority).
Attack TypePRE_1_0_REQUESTThe name of the attack triggered by the request. For detailed information about attack names and description, see Attacks Description - Action Policy
Client IP

99.99.1.117
OR

2001::117

The IP address of the client sending the request.

Note that an intermediate proxy or gateway may have overwritten the actual source IP of the client with its own. To retrieve the actual client IP for logging, configure the Header Name For Actual Client IP under the Edit actions for a service on the BASIC > Services page.

Then, the actual client IP can be extracted from the header, (e.g., X-Forwarded-For) logged in this field and used in security policy checks involving the client IP. See also related Proxy IP field below.

Client Port34006
OR
43655
The port relevant to the client IP address.
Service IP

99.99.109.2
OR

2001::1:109
The IP address of the service that receives the traffic.
Service Port80The port relevant to the IP address of the service.
Ruleglobal

The path of the URL ACL that matched with the request. Here "webapp1" is the web application and "deny_ban_dir" is the name of the URL ACL created on the WEBSITES > Allow/Deny page.

Rule TypeGLOBAL

This indicates the type of rule that was hit by the request that caused the attack. The following is the list of expected values for Rule Type:

  • Global – indicates that the request matched one of the global rules configured under Security Policies.
  • Global URL ACL – indicates that the request matched one of the global URL ACL rules configured under Security Policies.
  • URL ACL – indicates that the request matched one of the Allow/Deny rules configured specifically for the given website.
  • URL Policy – indicates that the request matched one of the Advanced Security rules configured specifically for the given website.
  • URL Profile – indicates that the request matched one of the rules configured on the URL Profile.
  • Parameter Profile – indicates that the request matched one of the rules configured on the Parameter Profile.
  • Header Profile – indicates that the request matched one of the rules configured on the Header Profile.
ActionLOG

The appropriate action applied on the traffic.

DENY – denotes that the traffic is denied.
LOG – denotes monitoring of the traffic with the assigned rule.

WARNING – warns about the traffic.
Follow-up ActionNONEThe follow-up action as specified by the action policy. It can be either None or Locked in case the lockout is chosen.
Attack Details[POST /index.cgi]The details of the attack triggered by the request.
MethodPOST

The HTTP method used by the request.

Values: GET, POST, HEAD, etc.
Host + URL

99.99.109.2/index.cgi
OR

2001::1:109/index.cgi
The URL specified in the request.
ProtocolHTTPThe protocol used for the request.
Session IDREQ-0+RES-0The value of the session tokens found in the request if session tracking is enabled. Session tracking is configured on the WEBSITES > Advanced Security page.
User AgentMozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:12.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/12.0The value contained in the User-Agent request header. Normally, this information is submitted by the clients, which details the browser, operating system, software vendor or software revision, in an identification string.
Proxy IP

99.99.1.117
OR
2001::117

If the client requests are coming through a proxy or gateway, then this field provides the IP address of the proxy.

A client-side proxy or gateway changes the source IP of the request to its own and embeds the actual client’s IP in an HTTP header such as X-Forwarded-For or X-Client-IP.

The Barracuda Web Application Firewall, if configured, will ignore the proxy IP and extract the actual client IP from the appropriate header to apply security policies as well as for logging the Client IP field above.

This field preserves the proxy IP address for cases where it is required, e.g., forensics and analytics

Note: The actual client IP header configuration is done using the Header Name For Actual Client IP under the Edit actions for a service on the BASIC > Services page.

Proxy Port34005
OR
43654
The port of the proxy server whose IP address has been logged in the Proxy IP field above.
Authenticated UserKevinThe username of the currently authenticated client requesting the web page. This is available only when the request is for a service that is using the AAA (Access Control) module.
Referrer

http://99.99.109.2/index.cgi
OR
http://2001::109/index.cgi

The value contained in the Referrer HTTP request header. It identifies the web resource from which the client was “referred” to the requested URL.

Access Logs

All web traffic activities are logged under the Access Logs. These logs help the administrator to obtain information about the website traffic and performance.

The BASIC > Access Logs page allows you to view the generated log messages stored on the Barracuda Web Application Firewall in a log database.

The default log format for Access Logs:

%t %un %lt %ai %ap %ci %cp %id %cu %m %p %h %v %s %bs %br %ch %tt %si %sp %st

%sid %rtf %pmf %pf %wmf %u %q %r %c %ua %px %pp %au %cs1 %cs2 %cs3

Unit Name, Log Type, and Log ID are not displayed on the BASIC > Access Logs page.

IPv4 Example:

2014-04-11 12:04:04.735 +0530  wafbox1 TR 99.99.109.2 80 99.99.1.117 34065 "-" "-" GET HTTP 99.99.106.25 HTTP/1.1 200 2829 232 0 1127 10.11.25.117 80 21 REQ-0+RES-0  SERVER DEFAULT PASSIVE VALID /index.html name=srawat http://99.99.109.2/index.cgi namdksih=askdj "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:12.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/12.0" 99.99.1.117 34065 John gzip,deflate 99.99.1.128 keep-alive

IPv6 Example:

2014-04-11 12:11:24.964 +0530  wafbox1 TR 2001::1:109 80 2001::117 43740 "-" "-" GET HTTP 2001::1:109 HTTP/1.1 200 2837 232 0 1008 2001::117 80 10 REQ-0+RES-0   SERVER DEFAULT PASSIVE VALID /index.html name=srawat http://2001::1:109/index.cgi namdksih=askdj "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:12.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/12.0" 2001::117 43740 John gzip,deflate 2001::128 keep-alive

Detailed Description

The table below describes each element of an access log with respect to the above example:

Field NameExampleDescription
Time2014-04-11 12:04:04.735 +0530The time recorded in the following format: yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss.s (one or more digits representing a decimal fraction of a second)TZD(time zone designator, which is either Z or +hh:mm or -hh:mm)
Unit Namewafbox1The name of the unit specified as  Default Hostname on the BASIC > IP Configuration page.
Log TypeTR

Denotes the type of log: Web Firewall Log, Access Log, Audit Log, Network Firewall Log or System Log.

Values: WF, TR, AUDIT, NF, SYS

Service IP

99.99.109.2
OR

2001::1:109
The IP address of the service that receives the traffic.
Service Port80The port relevant to the IP address of the service.
Client IP

99.99.1.117
OR

2001::117

The IP address of the client sending the request.

Note that an intermediate proxy or gateway may have overwritten the actual source IP of the client with its own. To retrieve the actual client IP for logging, configure the Header Name For Actual Client IP under the Edit actions for a service on the BASIC > Services page.

If the above is configured, the actual client IP is extracted from the header, e.g., X-Forwarded-For and used to populate this field and used in security policy checks involving the client IP as well. See related Proxy IP field below as well.
Client Port59589
OR
43646
The port relevant to the client IP address.
Login-The login ID used by the client when authentication is set to On for the service on the ACCESS CONTROL > Authentication Policies page. This is the user authenticated by LDAP, RADIUS, RSA SecurID, SAML IDP, or Kerberos authentication service configured on the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
Certificate User-The username as found in the SSL certificate when Client Authentication is enforced by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
MethodGETThe request method of the traffic.
Protocol (HTTP or HTTPS)HTTPThe protocol used for communication with the web server, either HTTP or HTTPS.
Host

99.99.106.25
OR

2001::1:109
The IP address of the host or website accessed by the user.
VersionHTTP/1.1The HTTP version used by the request.
HTTP status200The standard response code that helps identify the cause of the problem when a web page or other resource does not load properly.
Bytes Sent2829The bytes sent as response by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall to the client.
Bytes Received232The bytes received from the client as a part of the request.
Cache Hit0

Specifies whether the response is served out of the Barracuda Web Application Firewall cache or from the backend server.

Values:

0 – if the request is fetched from the server and given to the user.

1 – if the request is fetched from the cache and given to the user.
Time Taken (ms)1127The total time taken to serve the request from the time the request landed on the Barracuda Web Application Firewall until the last byte given out to the client.
Server IP

10.11.25.117
OR

2001::117
The IP address of the backend web server.
Server Port80The port relevant to the backend web server.
Server Time (ms)21The total time taken by the backend server to serve the request forwarded to it by the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
Session IDREQ-0+RES-0The value of the session tokens found in the request if session tracking is enabled. Session Tracking is configured on the WEBSITES > Advanced Security page.
Response TypeSERVER

Specifies whether the response came from the backend sever or from the Barracuda Web Application Firewall. 

Values: INTERNAL, SERVER.

Profile MatchedDEFAULT

Specifies whether the request matched a defined URL or Parameter Profile.

Values: DEFAULT, PROFILED.

ProtectedPASSIVE

Specifies whether the request went through the Barracuda Web Application Firewall rules and policy checks.

Values: PASSIVE, PROTECTED, UNPROTECTED.

WF MatchedVALID

Specifies whether the request is valid.

Values: INVALID, VALID.

URL/index.htmlThe URL of the request without the query part.
Query Stringname-srawatThe query part of the request.
Referrer

http://99.99.109.2/index.cgi
OR

http://2001::1:109/index.cgi
The value contained in the Referrer HTTP request header. It identifies the web resource from which the client was “referred” to the requested URL.
Cookie

namdksih=askdj

The cookie as found in the HTTP request headers.
User AgentMozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:12.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/12.0The value contained in the User-Agent request header. Normally, this information is submitted by the clients, which details the browser, operating system, software vendor or software revision, in an identification string.
Proxy IP

99.99.1.117
OR

2001::117

If the client requests are coming through a proxy or gateway, this field provides the IP address of the proxy.

A client-side proxy or gateway changes the source IP of the request to its own and embeds the actual client’s IP in an HTTP header such as X-Forwarded-For or X-Client-IP.

The Barracuda Web Application Firewall, if configured, will ignore the proxy IP and extract the actual client IP from the appropriate header to apply security policies as well as for logging the Client IP field above.

This field preserves the proxy IP address for cases where it is required, e.g., forensics and analytics.

Note: The actual client IP header configuration is done using the Header Name For Actual Client IP under the Edit actions for a service on the BASIC > Services page.

Proxy Port34065The port of the proxy server whose IP address has been logged in the Proxy IP field above.
Authenticated UserJohnThe username of the currently authenticated client requesting the web page.
Custom Header 1gzip,deflateThe header name for which you want to see the value in the Access Logs.
Custom Header 299.99.1.128
OR
2001::128
The header name for which you want to see the value in the Access Logs.
Custom Header 3keep-aliveThe header name for which you want to see the value in the Access Logs.

Audit Logs

The audit logs record the activity of the users logged in to the GUI of the Barracuda Web Application Firewall for the purpose of administration. These logs are visible on the BASIC > Audit Logs page and are also stored on the Barracuda Web Application Firewall in its native database. Additionally, when the administrator chooses an external remote syslog server through the configuration available at ADVANCED > Export Logs, these logs are streamed to the remote syslog servers with the priority as INFO.

The default log format for Audit Logs:

%t %un %lt %an %ct %li %lp %trt %tri %cn %cht %ot %on %var %ov %nv %add

Unit Name, Log Type, and Log ID are not displayed on the BASIC > Audit Logs page.

IPv4 Example:

2014-02-24 09:05:17.764 -0800  wafbox1 AUDIT Adam GUI 10.11.18.121 24784 CONFIG 166 config SET virtual_ip_config_address 99.99.130.45 virtual_ip_config_interface "" "WAN" []

IPv6 Example:

2014-02-24 10:05:17.764 -0800  wafbox1 AUDIT Adam GUI 2001::117 23390 CONFIG 196 config SET virtual_ip_config_address 2001::2:109 virtual_ip_config_interface "" "WAN" []

Detailed Description

The table below describes each element of an audit log with respect to the above example:

Field NameExampleDescription
Time2014-02-24 09:05:17.764 -0800The time recorded in the following format: yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss.s (one or more digits representing a decimal fraction of a second)TZD(time zone designator, which is either Z or +hh:mm or -hh:mm)
Unit Namewafbox1The name of the unit specified in the Default Hostname field on the BASIC > IP Configuration page.
Log TypeAUDIT

Specifies the type of log: Web Firewall Log, Access Log, Audit Log, Network Firewall Log or System Log.

Values: WF, TR, AUDIT, NF, SYS

Admin NameAdamThe name of the logged in user.
Client TypeGUIThis indicates that GUI is used as client to access the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
Login IP

10.11.18.121
OR

2001::117
The IP address from which the activity happened.
Login Port24784The port from which the activity happened.
Transaction TypeCONFIG

Denotes the type of transaction done by the system administrator.

Values: LOGIN, LOGOUT, CONFIG, COMMAND, ROLLBACK, RESTORE, REBOOT, SHUTDOWN, FIRMWARE UPDATE, ENERGIZE UPDATE, SUPPORT TUNNEL OPEN, SUPPORT TUNNEL CLOSED, FIRMWARE APPLY, FIRMWARE REVERT, TRANSPARENT MODE, UNSUCCESSFUL LOGIN, ADMIN ACCESS VIOLATION.

Transaction ID166

Specifies the transaction ID for the transaction that makes the persistent change.

Note: Events that do not change anything do not have a transaction ID. This is indicated by transaction ID of -1.
Command NameconfigThe name of the command that was executed on the Barracuda Web Application Firewall.
Change TypeSET

Denotes the type of change made to the configuration.

Values: NONE, ADD, DELETE, SET.
Object Typevirtual_ip_config_addressThe type of the object that is being modified.
Object Name

99.99.130.45
OR
2001::2:109

The name of the object type that is being modified.
Variablevirtual_ip_config_interfaceThe internal name of the parameter that is under modification.
Old Value-The value before modification.
New ValueWANThe value after modification.
Additional Data[]Provides more information on the parameter changed.

Network Firewall Logs

The network traffic passing through the interfaces (WAN, LAN, and MGMT) that matches the configured Network ACL rule are logged under Network Firewall Logs. The log entries provide information about every packet that the Barracuda Web Application Firewall has allowed or denied based on the Action specified in the ACL rule. Using this information, you can identify where the network traffic originated and where it was destined for, and the action applied. These log entries can be viewed on the ADVANCED > Network Firewall Logs page.

The default log format for Network Firewall Logs:

%t %un %lt %sl %p %si %sp %di %dp %act %an %dsc

IPv4 Example:

2014-05-20 00: 56:42.195 -0700  WAF1 NF INFO TCP 99.99.1.117 52676 99.99.79.2 80 ALLOW testacl MGMT/LAN/WAN interface traffic:allow

IPv6 Example:

2014-05-20 02: 51:36.455 -0700  WAF1 NF INFO TCP 2001:4528::231 46739 2001:4528:2::79 80 ALLOW testacl MGMT/LAN/WAN interface traffic:allow

Detailed Description

The table below describes each element of a network firewall log with respect to the above example:

Field NameExampleDescription
Time2014-04-10 09:37:58.749 -0700The date and time at which the event occurred. Date format is Year-Month-Day, and time format is Hours: Minutes:Seconds:Milliseconds.
Unit NameWAF1The name of the unit specified in the Default Hostname field on the BASIC > IP Configuration page.
Log TypeNF

Specifies whether it is of type Web Firewall Log, Access Log, Audit Log, Network Firewall Log, or System Log.

 

Values: WF, TR, AUDIT, NF, SYS
SeverityINFO

Defines the seriousness of the attack.

Values:

  • EMERGENCY – System is unusable (highest priority).
  • ALERT – Response must be taken immediately.
  • CRITICAL – Critical conditions.
  • ERROR – Error conditions.
  • WARNING – Warning conditions.
  • NOTICE – Normal but significant condition.
  • INFORMATION – Informational message (on ACL configuration changes).
  • DEBUG – Debug-level message (lowest priority).
Protocol

TCP

The Layer 3 protocol type of the corresponding packet.
Source IP

99.99.1.117
OR

2001:4528::231
The IP address of the source that originated the network traffic.
Source Port

52676
OR
46739

The port number of source that originated the network traffic.
Destination IP

99.99.79.2
OR

2001:4528:2::79
The IP address of the destination network or host.
Destination Port80The port number of the network or host to which the packet was destined.
ACL PolicyALLOWThe ACL policy (Allow or Deny) applied to this ACL rule.
ACL NametestaclThe name of the corresponding ACL rule.
Details

traffic:allow MGMT/LAN/WAN interface

The incoming network interface traffic passes through.

Table of Log Formats

The following table describes names and values for each log:

System LogsWeb Firewall LogsAccess LogsAudit LogsNetwork Firewall Logs
%ei - Event ID%ai - Service IP%ai - Service IP%add - Additional Data%acl - ACL ID
%ll - Log Level%ap - Service Port%ap - Service Port%an - Admin Name%act - Action ID
%lt - Log Type%at - Action%au - Authenticated User%cht - Change Type%dsc - Details
%un - Unit Name%ad - Attack Type%br - Bytes Received%ct - Client Type%di - Destination IP
%ms - Message%adl - Attack Details%bs - Bytes Sent%cn - Command Name%dp - Destination Port
%md - Module Name%ag - Attack Group%ch - Cache Hit%seq - Log ID%lt - Log Type
%t - Time%aid - Attack ID%cu - Certificate User%li - Login IP%p - Protocol
%tarc - Epoch/Unix Time Stamp%au - Authenticated User%ci - Client IP%lp - Login Port%srci - Source IP
%uid - Unique ID%ci - Client IP%cp - Client Port%lt - Login Type%srcp - Source Port
%ta - American Standard Format Timestamp%cp - Client Port%c - Cookie%nv - New Value%sl - Severity
 %fa - Follow-up Action%ct - Client Type%on - Object Name%seq - Log ID
 %seq - Log ID%cs1 - Custom Header 1%ot - Object Type%t - Time
 %lt - Log Type%cs2 - Custom Header 2%ov - Old Value%tarc - Epoch/Unix Time Stamp
 %m - Method%cs3 - Custom Header 3%t - Time%un - Unit Name
 %p - Protocol%h - Host%tri - Transaction ID%uid - Unique ID
 %px - Proxy IP%s - HTTP Status%trt - Transaction Type%ta - American Standard Format Timestamp
 %pp - Proxy Port%id - Login ID%un - Unit Name 
 %r - Referer%seq - Log ID%var - Variable 
 %ri - Rule ID%lt - Log Type%tarc - Epoch/Unix Time Stamp 
 %rt - Rule Type%m - Method%uid - Unique ID 
 %sid - Session ID%p - Protocol%ar - Admin Role 
 %sl - Severity%pf - Protected%ta - American Standard Format Timestamp 
 %t - Time%px - Proxy IP  
 %u - URL%pmf - Profile Matched  
 %ua - User Agent%pp - Proxy Port  
 %un - Unit Name%q - Query String  
 %tarc - Epoch/Unix Time Stamp%r - Referer  
 %uid - Unique ID%rtf - Response Type  
 %ta - American Standard Format Timestamp%sid - Session ID  
  %cfp - Client Fingerprint%si - Server IP  
 %rrs - Request Risk Score%sp - Server Port  
 %crs -Client Risk Score%st - Server Time  
  %t - Time  
  %tt - Time Taken  
  %u - URL  
  %ua - User Agent  
  %un - Unit Name  
  %uid - Unique ID  
  %v - Version  
  %wmf - WF Matched  
  %tarc - Epoch/Unix Time Stamp  
  %ta - American Standard Format Timestamp  
   %cfp - Client Fingerprint  
  %rrs - Request Risk Score  
   %crs -Client Risk Score  

 

 

Last updated on